In the first six months of 2019, 2.86 billion people used the Moscow transport including the metro, Moscow Central Circle (MCC), surface urban passenger transport, suburban commuter trains, taxis, car- and bike-sharing and cable cars. This is a 22% increase over the same period in 2010 (2.35 billion trips), as Head of the Department of Transport and Road Infrastructure Development Maxim Liksutov reported at a meeting of the Moscow Government Presidium.
The number of economically active passengers has increased by 38%, from 1.33 billion to 1.84 billion. Muscovites make 19.4 million public transport trips on weekdays. This is 16% more than in 2010.
The most anticipated events in the Moscow transport system
In the late 2019, trains on MCD-1 Odintsovo — Lobnya and MCD-2 Nakhabino — Podolsk are expected to start running, with 5 to 6 minutes’ headway.
Passengers will enjoy free transfer from diameters to the metro. Also, MCD will offer convenient rates.
The headway of the Moscow Central Circle trains will be reduced from 5 to 4 minutes during rush hours. Soon, MCC will have 290,000 passengers more per day.
Passengers will be able to use the Moscow Transport mobile app, which will combine all types of transport services on MaaS (mobility as a service) principle.
Also, there will be 10,000 new taxi cars, 5,000 new car-sharing vehicles and more than 1,600 units of new Moscow's rolling stock, including 216 Moskva metro carriages, 863 buses, 40 trams, 75 e-buses and 430 electric train carriages.
Metro, MCC and commuter trains
In the first six months of 2019, the average number of metro, MCC and commuter train passengers on weekdays made up some 10.9 million, which is 10% more than in 2010, a record-breaking number for Moscow railway transport.
In the first half of 2019, eight metro stations were opened. Around four million passengers have already taken advantage of the new four stations of Nekrasovskaya metro line on the section from Nekrasovka to Kosino, with daily passenger traffic making up about 50,000 people.
The new section has unloaded Vykhino (by 23%), Novokosino (by 8%), Lermontovsky Prospekt (6%) and Zhulebino (3%) stations, overcrowded before.
Four stations that opened on Sokolnicheskaya line section from Salaryevo to Kommunarka stations have been used by more than 1.2 million passengers (around 20,000 passengers per day).
The new Sokolnicheskaya metro line stations have unloaded Salaryevo (14%), Tyoply Stan (11%) and Buninskaya Alleya (3%) stations.
New metro stations were opened in eight municipalities that are home to around 360,000 people.
3.5 km of stairs on 40 escalators, as well as facades, lobbies and subways at eight metro stations have been renovated.
The Moscow metro is one of the world leaders in reliability in terms of the incident to car-kilometres ratio. The metro's accuracy is 99.98%.
About 510,000 passengers use Moscow Central Circle on weekdays. In the first six months, MCC trains carried 70 million passengers.
After the construction of the fourth main track on the Moscow — Odintsovo section of Smolensk direction of the Moscow railway has been completed, the number of trains has been increased and the headway reduced by half — up to 3.5 minutes in rush hours. With 123,000 extra passenger seats, carriages have been unloaded by 30%.
Besides, Russian Railways JSC has been preparing the infrastructure for the opening of the Moscow Central Diameters: MCD-1 Odintsovo — Lobnya and MCD-2 Nakhabino — Podolsk. It is scheduled for the end of 2019.
Metro and railway rolling stock’s upgrade
Since 2010, the metro rolling stock has been upgraded by 53%, with 2,749 new carriages purchased.
In the first half of 2019, 336 modern Moskva carriages started running on Krasnopresnenskaya, Sokolnicheskaya and Nekrasovskaya metro lines. 552 new Moskva metro carriages are expected to be supplied this year.
Since 2010, the suburban railway fleet has been upgraded by 56%, with 2,706 carriages purchased. Of these, 270 started running in the first half of 2019. In total, 700 carriages are to be supplied this year.
39 Ivolga 2.0 trains (249 carriages), currently piloted, will service MCD-1 Odintsovo — Lobnya and MCD-2 Nakhabino — Podolsk.
There are 10.3 km of bus lanes arranged in the first half of 2019, to make up 35.7 km before the end of the year.
Since 2011, there have been 334 km of bus lanes laid in Moscow, with more than 3.3 million passengers of public transport, including taxis, using them.
Since the early 2019, four new surface transport routes have been opened, including two night ones, opened on 5 August. In total, there are 13 night routes in Moscow, covering all major highways.
Moscow's bus fleet is the 'youngest' in Europe, with an average age of a city bus being 4.7 years.
In the first half of 2019, 595 new buses hit the routes, with 813 regular and 50 tourist buses to be supplied by the end of 2019.
Half of the Moscow tram fleet has been already upgraded. In the first half of 2019, 50 trams were purchased. By the end of the year, another 40 transport units are to be delivered.
Surface transport stops have also been updating in Moscow. In the first six months of this year, 106 modern pavilions were installed. Before the year is over, another 1,721 modern stopping points are to be arranged.
Ground transport fleet works without ticket barriers. Combined with bus lanes introduced, this saves passengers about 25 minutes of travel time.
On 1 September, contactless payment system was introduced on all surface routes. Over 20,000 passengers use it daily. There are 540,000 Troika travelcard holders, regularly using different types of urban transport.
Moscow e-bus fleet is the largest in Europe, with its models being among the most reliable and advanced in the world. Every day, over 200 e-buses hit the streets. Of these, 142 were delivered in the first half of 2019. By the end of the year, the number of e-buses is to increase to 300.
There are 14 e-bus routes. They have already carried 11 million passengers. 85,000 people use them every day.
Moscow e-buses are 100% eco-friendly. They boast climate control system, Wi-Fi and USB sockets to charge mobile devices.
E-buses have substantially reduced maintenance costs being 10 percent lower than that of trolleybuses.
Also, electric buses have made the rolling stock maintenance much easier. Its service life is 15 years under the terms of the service contract. In addition, polluting emissions, noise and vibration have decreased by 30 percent compared to regular buses. Technical availability of electric buses is 17.5% higher than that of trolleybuses.
Urban mobility development
Moscow short-term car rental system boasts the world's largest fleet of vehicles, with 22,500 cars currently available, while Tokyo has about 20,000 cars.
In 2019, the number of cars increased by 8,000. By the end of the year, the fleet will supposedly include another 5,000 cars.
In the first half of 2018, car-sharing users made six million trips. In the first half of 2019, there were 3.5 times more trips, that is 21 million. This is 40 times higher than at the start of the project in 2015.
Daily, Muscovites make 140,000 car-sharing trips, with one car shared 8 times per day on average. Short-term car rental decreases traffic load and improves the environmental conditions.
Moscow bike-sharing is one of the most popular in the world. In the first half of 2019, users made 2.2 million trips, which is 500,000 (29%) more than in the first half of 2018.
There are 530 bike-sharing stations in Moscow offering 5,300 bicycles for rent. Of these, 100 stations with a thousand bicycles have been opened this year.
Daily, bike-share users make 30,000 trips. On average, one bike is shared about 8 times per day.
Electric kick scooter sharing is also growing popular in Moscow. This fast and eco-friendly transport is good for a short trip around the city centre.
Citizens rent a scooter to get from home to the metro or from the metro to work. To date, there are a thousand scooters available for rent in Moscow. In the first half of 2019, Muscovites made 140,000 trips.
In Moscow, the average taxi service time during rush hours is 5 minutes. Today, there are 132,000 valid taxi transportation permits in Moscow and the Moscow region. By the end of 2019, 10,000 new cars are expected to be purchased.
Daily, Moscow taxis carry about 900,000 passengers.
Road traffic safety
In terms of traffic, Moscow is the safest Russian city. In the first half of 2019, the number of road traffic fatalities decreased by 10% from the last year, which is 20 lives saved.
The target number (societal risk established by the Decree of the President of Russia) — no more than road accident fatalities per 100,000 people by 2024 — has already been achieved in Moscow, which is currently 3.7 deaths per 100,000 people, and its further reduction is one of the priorities.
There are road safety strategies in place, such as improving performance of State Traffic Safety Inspectorate, traffic enforcement cameras installed, new transport infrastructure facilities constructed, the Road Patrol activity.
In the first half of 2019, Road Patrol service helped 21,000 car drivers. The service is available 24/7. 20 crews are on duty during the day, with 7 crews being on their guard at night.
In the first half of 2019, the number of vehicle thefts decreased by 15% compared to the same period in 2018. This figure has dropped four times compared to 2012.
Moscow parking spaces
There are 82,000 valid resident parking permits in Moscow, with 13,000 of them issued in the first half of 2019.
98% of drivers pay parking fees using mobile services. 2.3 million drivers use Moscow Parking mobile app. In the new version, users can correct errors made during the parking fee payment process until the end of the day, as well as pay for parking through Apple Pay.
In 2019, getting a resident parking permit has become much easier.
Major transport events
The first half of 2019 saw a number of major transport events:
— International Summit of Urban Transport Development Leaders held in Moscow from 18 to 19 April, attended by 15 countries;
—Motor Festival, biggest in Russia, took place on 4 May in Moscow, 10,000 people;
— Spring Bike Festival, held in Moscow on 19 May (the largest in the history of the event), attended by 45,000 people;
— Sadovoye Koltso amateur cycling race. On 19 May, the race was attended by more than a thousand athletes;
— World Public Transport Summit, held from 9 to 12 June in Stockholm. Moscow received a special award for the 'Hello, Moscow!' project;
— Moscow Urban Forum, held from 4 to 7 July in Moscow, attended by representatives of 69 countries;
— Night Bike Festival, held in Moscow from 13 to 14 July, attended by 20,000 people. A Guinness world record was set for the largest image of a bike made by people standing in line;
— Moscow Transport Day, held in Moscow on 13 July, nine festive venues, attended by 200,000 people.