More and more comfortable housing with landscaped courtyards is being built In Moscow, with transport network developing, new hospitals and kindergartens, schools and modern public spaces emerging. On the occasion of the Builder's Day, let's recall the most significant projects currently underway.
Nekrasovskaya line: most state-of-the-art
Last year can be truly called a year of the metro, but the pace of metro expansion has not slowed down in 2019.
Construction of Nekrasovskaya line is in full swing now. Its first section opened on 3 June, with Kosino, Ulitsa Dmitriyevskogo, Lukhmanovskaya and Nekrasovka stations commissioned.
Construction of the second section Aviamotornaya — Kosino is expected to complete in 2019-2020, will each station being a true work of art.
Nizhegorodskaya metro station's design will be based on a combination of multi-coloured geometric shapes, the key Suprematism artistic technique. The ticket offices' ceilings will have large yellow and orange square lights. Same coloured tunnel walls will contrast with the grey colour of the ceiling and the walls. There will be cube-shaped bright orange benches installed along the platform. Station's design is inspired by the paintings by Kazimir Malevich, Lazar Lissitzky, Nikolai Suetin and other Suprematists.
Stakhanovskaya metro station's design is a reference to constructivism era. Its aesthetics will be expressed in strict geometric shapes combined with red, brown, dark grey and white colours. The interior is to look like a production hall. Its design is associated with the station's name: In August 1935, the Soviet miner Alexei Stakhanov produced 102 tons of coal (with the standard target being 7 tons) during the night shift. This record gave rise to the so-called Stakhanov Movement.
Okskaya metro station's ceiling will be the design's highlight, decorated with bright blue aluminium panels and round LED lamps creating an illusion of circles on the water.
Yugo-Vostochnaya metro station will resemble the Oriental palaces. Round reflective ceiling shades, reminiscent of minaret domes, will be its highlight. A wall separating platforms will look like inverted teethed arches. The colour scheme is also reminiscent of Central Asia, with its beige, yellow, black and grey colours prevailing.
Big Circle: the longest circle metro ever
The idea to build a Big Circle Line (BCL) emerged in 1985. However, for many reasons, the project failed to launch and it was not before November 2011 that the construction started.
Together with the Kakhovskaya — Kashirskaya section, already completed, it will make up 70 km to house 31 stations. BCL is to become the longest circle metro line in the world, ahead of the current leader — the 57 km long Second Circle Line of the Beijing Subway.
Big Circle Line is to link the existing and expected radial lines at a distance of up to 10 km from the Circle Line. This will unload the Circle Line and its internal transfer stations.
New Circle Line is to close in 2023. By this time, 90 percent of Muscovites will have a metro station within a walking distance.
Construction is now underway on all BCL sections, with excavation works over 60 percent completed. In particular, the western section from Khoroshevskaya to Mozhaiskaya is expected to be commissioned in 2021, and in 2020 the first construction stage is to be completed (Khoroshevskaya — Karamyshevskaya). Excavation of the two tunnels between Karamyshevskaya and Ulitsa Narodnogo Opolcheniya stations, and between Aminyevskoye Shosse and Michurinsky Prospekt is completed. About 80 m deep, Sheremetyevskaya station is difficult to excavate and is almost 25% complete. It will have a unique 135m long escalator.
School with quantorium: spacious and innovative
Experimental school located on the grounds of the former ZIL industrial zone will become the largest educational institution in Russia. It will be able to accommodate over 2,500 children.
The school will have specialised classes of natural sciences, with a children's Technopark being its highlight, where children will be introduced to laser technology, applied space exploration, nanomaterials, shipbuilding, microbiology or the study of virtual reality. Students from other schools will also be allowed to attend the classes.
Construction works are expected to complete any time soon. It will open before newly built houses surrounding it.
Construction of schools and kindergartens is underway in all Moscow districts. Since this year's beginning, 14 facilities for 3,690 seats have already been put into operation. In total, more than 80 new educational institutions are to appear in Moscow in the next three years.
Hospital in Kommunarka: the most high-tech facility
Novomoskovsky Medical Centre being built in Kommunarka is to become the most high-tech facility, one of the largest Moscow medical institutions.
It will house children's and adult hospitals, perinatal, diagnostic and outpatient centres. Clinic professionals will provide a full range of medical care services, from up-to-date diagnostics to complex high-tech surgeries.
It will offer all types of inpatient and outpatient heart, oncology, endocrine system, nervous system, gynaecology, urology, nephrology, trauma and orthopaedic treatments, with an Ophthalmology Department and a Department of General and Septic Surgery expected to open.
There will be the most state-of-the-art equipment, including MRI, CT, angiography and mammography. It will have a helipad on the roof to admit patients delivered by air ambulance.
The first construction stage (four buildings) is expected to be completed before this year is over.
Construction of medical buildings is one of the Moscow Government's top priorities. In 2019 alone, 15 healthcare facilities are to be constructed in Moscow.
Dream Island: most impressive one
Themed Park Dream Island, the largest indoor Amusement Park in Europe, is being built in Nagatinskaya Poima (floodplain). It will provide 7,500 jobs.
The indoor themed Amusement Park covering the area of 292,000 sq m will be the first to open. Its guests will enjoy rides for children and adults, including a unique 'Flight over the World of Dinosaurs', visit souvenir shops, themed cafes and restaurants. The first stage facilities will also feature a landscape park with an area of 44 ha, ground and underground parking area for about 3,000 cars, a multiplex cinema with 17 halls and a concert hall for 3,800 seats.
The builders have already installed the reinforced concrete supporting frame of the entire building and the metal structures of the entrance towers, assembled metal structures of the themed zone's roof, installed engineering and technological equipment, landscaped the central alley.
Construction of unique glass domes above the promenade and shopping gallery is already completing. Recently, the workers have started finishing and decorative works. The first construction stage is expected to be commissioned throughout 2019.
Construction Stage 2 of Dream Island includes construction of a 4* hotel with 410 rooms, a children's yacht school, a 1,000-seat concert hall, and the improvement and landscaping of about 2 km long embankment. These facilities are expected to be commissioned by mid-2021.
According to PricewaterhouseCoopers study, Moscow is already the leader in the number of leisure facilities within walking distance and their diversity among the 14 largest megacities in the world, and by 2021 the city will have 22 cultural institutions more.
ZIL: an unprecedented project of industrial zones' reorganisation
A new city block is being constructed on the former ZIL grounds. In total, about five million square meters of real estate are to be built here. About 35 km of new roads are to provide transport and pedestrian accessibility of the facilities under construction.
The Park of Legends located here is dynamically turning into one of the major sports clusters in Moscow. It includes three ice arenas — big, small and training one. It was the Park of Legends to host matches of the World Hockey Championship in 2016.
ZILART Centre has been developing in the northern territory of the former automobile plant. It will include 1.5 million sq m of housing, nine kindergartens for 960 children and a school for 825 children.
Tyufeleva Roshcha Park covering the area of 10 ha, created by the Dutch-American landscape and urban designer Jerry van Eyck, is one of the most favourite recreation areas of the new district. 1.3 km long pergola is a green area's highlight. The park also has a pond, children's and sports grounds.
Today we can say without exaggeration that this is the most high-profile project of industrial zones' reorganisation not only in Moscow, but in Europe as well.
Industrial zones are one of the main drivers of Moscow's development. There is a lot of work conducted on reorganisation of disused grounds. Now, 70 percent of these areas are engaged, including active construction, designing, or drafting of urban-planning documentation.
Southern alternate route of Kutuzovsky Prospekt: complex, but extremely important one
Mozhaiskoye Highway and Kutuzovsky Prospekt are one of the busiest highways in Moscow. To improve the transport situation, two alternate routes of Kutuzovsky Prospekt, northern and southern one, are being built simultaneously.
Southern route will stretch from Moscow Ring Road to the Third Transport Ring between Michurinsky and Kutuzovsky avenues. The length of the six-lane highway is to be 11 km. The building length with artificial constructions and highway exits will make up 28 km.
The first highway section will run from Aminyevskoye Highway to Minskaya Street along the tracks of the Kiev direction of the Moscow railway. Transport interchange on Minskaya Street is to be the major facility arranged here. There will also be highway exits to the blocks of expected residential development along the Ramenka River and bridges across the Setun River. The area next to the roadway will be landscaped.
The southern route of Kutuzovsky Prospekt is 52 percent complete. The second section will run from Minskaya Street to the Third Transport Ring along the tracks of Kiev direction of the Moscow railway. It is 25 percent complete.
New outbound route will improve the transport accessibility of Skolkovo Innovation Centre, Matveyevskoye railway station, expected Aminyevskoye Shosse transport interchange hub (it will include Big Circle Line station and the new platform of Kiev direction of the Moscow railway), Setun housing complex and expected residential development of Ramenki district, as well as the western part of Moscow as a whole.
In addition, it will link major city highways — Moscow Ring Road, North-West bisecant (Ryabinovaya Street), South belt road (Aminevskoye Highway), Mosfilmovskaya Street, Minyskaya Street, Third Transport Ring and Berezhkovskaya Embankment. Southern alternate route of Kutuzovsky Prospekt will reduce the load on the major Moscow highways: Michurinsky and Kutuzovsky avenues, Mozhaiskoye and Aminyevskoye highways and Mosfilmovskaya Street.
Achievements and plans: transport
Today, the main tasks in transport construction are the integration of the radial directions of the Moscow railway with the Moscow Central Circle (MCC), reconstruction of Yaroslavl direction, as well as the construction of new Ostafyevo roadside station. In particular, work is underway on the transfer of Severyanin railway platform (Yaroslavl direction of Moscow railway) and the construction of an interchange hub where passengers are to transfer to Rostokino station of MCC. Additional tracks are being built in the overloaded sections.
To travel by rail is even more convenient now, after commissioning of the Moscow Central Diameters (MDC), which will include about 400 km of tracks and some 200 stations. The first two diameters — MCD-1, which will link Odintsovo and Lobnya, and MCD-2 to travel from Nakhabino to Podolsk are expected to be launched in 2019-2020.
Travelling by car is also becoming more convenient today. This year, 47.8 km of new roads, ten bridges, tunnels and overpasses appeared in Moscow.
Since the beginning of the year, Muscovites enjoy five new sports facilities, including the Gymnastics Palace at the Luzhniki Olympic Complex.
In autumn, a multi-purpose swimming centre with an area of 50,700 sq m is to open in Luzhniki to welcome 10,000 visitors daily. The main construction works have already been completed, now specialists are engaged in finishing of facades and interiors, arrangement of internal engineering networks and commissioning works. In addition, delivery of technological equipment is being completed.
In terms of construction scope, Moscow ranks fourth now among megacities, ahead of New York. This year alone, 6.7 million sq m of real estate has been built, including 2.8 million sq m of housing.
43 houses have been built as part of the renovation programme, with about 120 buildings being under construction now. Some 13,000 people have now an opportunity to move from their old houses to modern flats.
Grounds that have become part of Moscow in 2012 are rapidly developing. So, since the beginning of the year, Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas acquired 1.3 million sq m of real estate, with four metro stations commissioned and 2.25 km of roads built. 12 more metro stations and over 250 km of roads, including the Central Ring Road, are expected to be built until 2023.
For seven years, the number of jobs in Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas has increased almost threefold, from 94,000 to 236,000.