Every year, Moscow is growing more popular with tourists. Only last year, it was visited by 23.5 million people, with 5.5 million of foreigners among them. As compared with 2010, the flow of visitors increased by 84 percent.
As the number of tourists increases, the number of photos of Moscow in social networks grows as well. In the end of 2017, Moscow ranked second among the most photographed cities in the world according to Instagram social network. Based on user opinions, the Committee for Tourism has prepared a list of the most popular Moscow attractions.
Once in Moscow, tourists usually go to see the Kremlin and Red Square first. Over 4.13 million photos and videos tagged #красная площадь, #redsquare и #кремль have been published.
Photos of the Kremlin's Red Towers with Chimes, St. Basil's Cathedral, the Kremlin Wall published on Instagram is proper evidence that you are in the Russian capital now. These are the same landmark symbols as the Eiffel Tower or Big Ben.
There is a Museum of History on the north side of Red Square, with St. Basil's Cathedral on the south. Previously, Upper Trading Rows occupied almost all the area opposite the Kremlin. Now it houses GUM, the State Department Store. Next to St. Basil's Cathedral you will find the first monument set up in Moscow — the monument to Minin and Pozharsky.
From Red Square you may proceed to Nikolskaya Street, which became world-famous during last year's FIFA World Cup. Fans from different countries gathered on this street to celebrate victories and experience defeats of their national teams. Now it offers improvised performances of street artists, and numerous cafes and restaurants. Tag #никольская is also quite popular, as it has been used in more than 80,000 publications
VDNKh has regained its status as the Russian chief exhibition, a favourite recreation area for Muscovites and tourists. Its renovated grounds are one of the brightest European sights now. Its unique pavilions and fountains, permanent exhibitions, museum displays and art fairs attract more and more visitors. Arrange a picnic and enjoy beautiful nature, visit cafes or restaurants, admire outstanding sights, take part in folk festivals, master classes, watch theatrical performances, shows and concerts, and skate on a huge ice rink in winter.
This year, VDNKh celebrates its 80th anniversary. The number of Instagram posts has already exceeded 1.9 million, and it continues to grow.
About 1 km long Arbat Street has been tagged in photos more than 840,000 times. It attracts Moscow residents and visitors with its unique atmosphere, modern and ancient architecture. Back in the 18th century, famous noble families, Dolgorukiy, Kropotkin, Rostopchin, Sheremetev, Trubetskoy, Golitsyn, used to reside in Arbat Street. Alexander Pushkin, Bulat Okudzhava and families of Communist Party officials lived here in different years.
In 1974, it was pedestrianised. Since then, a lot of tourists walk along the street.
Moscow City Business Centre constructed in the area of Presnenskaya Embankment is one of the latest attractions of Moscow. The complex includes near 20 high-rise buildings, with the highest one reaching 374 m. It has long been a downtown area with a specific environment featuring offices and apartments, expensive restaurants and stores, as well as an observation deck on the 89th floor overlooking the whole Moscow.
56th floor of the complex has another observation deck. It houses a unique Moscow Museum of High-Rise Constructions. Part of the exhibition is dedicated to the history of Moscow City Business Centre's development, it introduces to the history of skyscrapers, names of architects and specific features of these buildings.
Tag #москвасити has even overtaken the #краснаяплощадь tag, scoring over 4.8 million publications.
Moscow State University's building in Vorobyovy Gory is a symbol of the Russian higher education.
Built in 1953, one of the seven Stalinist high-rises has long been the highest building in Europe. 36-storey building is 183.2 m high, 240 m with its spire. It houses 45,000 premises.
Today, the building is still a striking example of Stalin's Empire, one of the architectural symbols of Moscow. About 800,000 Instagram posts are #мгу tagged.
Another favourite tourists' attraction is Park Pobedy on Poklonnaya Gora. Over 512 publications are tagged #паркпобеды, another 118,000 posts have #поклоннаягора tag.
It is one of the world's largest memorial complexes, with an area covering 135 ha. It was opened on 9 May 1995 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of victory in the Great Patriotic War. 141.8 m or 1418 cm high obelisk was put up on Pobediteley Square. This number symbolises the number of days the war lasted for. A bronze figure of Nike and two angels, the goddess of victory, is mounted 100 m high above the ground.
Next you will find the Museum of Victory, numbering 50,000 exhibits, including paintings, sculptures and posters of the Great Patriotic War, as well as the chief relic — the Banner of Victory hoisted over the Reichstag on 30 April 1945. For easy search, the Museum offers Memory Book system.
The exhibition continues in the open air, with samples of military equipment displayed such as tanks, planes and German war machines.
Also, Poklonnaya Gora is known as the place where Napoleon Bonaparte waited for Moscow boyars to bring him the keys to the Kremlin.
In the middle of Kutuzovsky Prospekt, you will see the Triumphal Arch built in honour of the victory of the Russian people in the Patriotic War of 1812.
Since 1834, the first arch by architect Osip Bove stood on Novykh Triumfalnykh Vorot Square (now Tverskaya Zastava Square). In 1936, it was dismantled before the square reconstruction. Since 1968, new arch welcomes visitors on Kutuzovsky Prospekt. The tag #триумфальнаяарка was used in more than 55,000 publications.
Tsaritsyno Museum Reserve located in the southern part of Moscow covers the area of some 100 ha. In the 17th–18th centuries, there was Chyornaya Gryaz village on its grounds, later renamed Tsaritsyno by Empress Catherine the Great. For 20 years, architects Vasily Bazhenov and Matvei Kazakov had been engaged in construction of the Palace and Park ensemble in Russian Gothic style on this site.
The Palace ensemble failed to become an Imperial residence, so Emperor Alexander I, Catherine the Great's grandson, opened the Park for public.
Tsaritsyno is the only Palace complex built in pseudo-Gothic style. There are museums, concert halls and greenhouses on the Park's grounds. It is one of the favourite photo shooting areas of Moscow citizens and tourists. The beauty of Tsaritsyno has been captured by more than 641,000 Instagram users.
Every day, thousands of Muscovites and tourists visit Kolomenskoye Museum Reserve, Russian wooden architecture landmark.
Established in 1923 on the grounds of the former Royal residence, it is located to the south of the centre of Moscow. Today, Kolomenskoye is a part of the Moscow State Unified Art, Historical, Architectural and Natural Landscape Museum Reserve.
This site regularly hosts various exhibitions and festivals. The Museum holds over 172,000 exhibits — old Russian paintings, ancient printed and handwritten books, unique collections of tiles, monuments of archaeology, numismatics and much more.
There are more than 391,000 publications tagged #коломенское on Instagram.
The Bolshoi Theatre is known to art fans all over the world. It ranks with the world's best stages such as La Scala in Italy, Covent Garden in the United Kingdom or the Vienna State Opera. In addition to its programme, it astonishes guests with its magnificent decoration and beauty of its facade. To date, more than 333,500 of publications are tagged #большойтеатр.
Izmailovo Museum Estate is tagged in almost 330,000 Instagram posts.
The complex was created in the 16th – 17th centuries to house the Royal jail. In the late 1990s, it was decided to build a wooden kremlin with an entertainment centre on its site. The work continued until 2007, with the residence of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich serving as a model. The new kremlin, located on a hill, was surrounded by wooden fences and a stone wall with gate towers. Today, Izmailovo Kremlin's area houses 8 museums and exhibition grounds. Tourists love it for its authenticity, so 330,000 posts tagged #измайлово have been published by Instagram users.