Moscow Central Diameters: Moscow's most efficient project progress
Moscow Central Diameters (MCD) is one of the most efficient projects of Moscow, as Sergei Sobyanin said live on Russia 1, Russia 24 and Moskva 24 TV Channels.
"This is transport for Moscow region and Muscovites, which will largely unload the main roads and improve the transport situation. I believe this is one of the most effective transport projects in Moscow and the Moscow region," said Moscow Mayor.
The first two Moscow Central Diameters (MCD) are expected to be launched in late 2019 — early 2020. They will connect different directions of Moscow Railway and provide residents of Moscow and the Moscow region with comfortable transport.
The first two diameters are to be MCD-1 Odintsovo — Lobnya and MCD-2 Nakhabino — Podolsk. These directions have good interchanges with metro and Moscow Central Circle (MCC). Besides, they are the most popular ones.
MCD-1 will have 28 stations with 12 transfers to metro stations, two Moscow Central Circle stations and six stations of the radial directions of Moscow Railway. The second diameter is to have 38 stations. Moscow residents will have two transfers to metro stations, two MCC stations, and 6 transfers to stations of the radial directions of the Moscow Railways.
Their opening hours are to be the same as at the metro, 05:30 am till 01:00 am. You may pay your fare with Troika travel card with free transfer to the metro, MCC and MCD.
After the opening of the first two diameters, three more diameters are expected to launch: Zelenograd — Ramenskoye, Aprelevka — Zheleznodorozhny — Pushkino — Domodedovo.
"Moscow is one of the ten major megacities in the world. Naturally, we have other challenges and issues to cope with. Transport-related issues are most relevant in Moscow than in any other region," said Sergei Sobyanin.
According to him, the scope of suburban traffic in Moscow has doubled. Daily, two million passengers use commuter trains. This number is expected to increase to at least three million passengers.
"To do this, we have to change our approach to commuter trains, we must link different radii that go only to the Moscow centre," said Sergei Sobyanin.
Big Circle Line
To improve the transport situation in Moscow, Big Circle Line (BCL) is being built in Moscow. Its first section opened in February 2018 with five stations launched — Delovoi Tsentr, Shelepikha, Khoroshevskaya, CSKA and Petrovsky Park. Late in December, Savelovskaya station opened. It is expected to complete BCL construction in 2022.
"Some stations have been 10-15 percent unloaded. BCL will further improve the transport situation and make cross sectional connections more comfortable. You will not need to go to the centre and come back to get to the neighbouring area like before. That means that in some cases, the travel time will be significantly shorter, and it is very important," said Moscow Mayor.
According to him, an additional flow of Big Circle Line passengers is to appear during districts' reconstruction under the renovation program. BCL launch will allow for reduction of the load of radial directions.
Moscow's Golden Ring
In September 2016, traffic on the Moscow Central Ring was launched. New trains have at once become popular among Muscovites: more than half a million passengers use them every weekday.
"In the first year of the launch, we observed a two-thirds increase in the number of lease of real estate transactions, land, construction applications, investments and so on. The situation has changed drastically. The use of land means extra income," Sergei Sobyanin said.
To date, MCC has 31 stations with high-speed Lastochka trains running. Their average speed is 50 kph, with the maximum speed reaching 120 kph. There is air conditioning, vacuum toilets, information screens, free Wi-Fi, sockets and bike racks in the cars. Transfers between metro stations and MCC take no more than 10-12 minutes.