Old mansion of coachman Shiryaev taken under state protection
A two-storey wooden building of a coachman Vasily Shiryaev has been recognised as a discovered cultural heritage site. It is under state protection now.
The building with a stone foundation was constructed in 1852. Architectural and decorative design of the 19th century facades, the interiors with their stretched cornices and moulded decorative rosette have been fully preserved.
"The building in Vekovaya Street is a rare piece of wooden revenue houses development of the 19th century. In addition to its architectural value, it plays a major role in preserving the integrity of the visual perception of another landmark located nearby, that is the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker of the Nikolsky-Rogozhsky community. The record shows that after its construction in 1910, the building was occupied by priests, deacons and senior choir singers. And the main entrance of the building, decorated with bow lintel, overlooked the church," said Head of the Moscow Cultural Heritage Department Alexei Yemelyanov.
The estate, the territory of which housed the building, started to develop in the late 18th century. At that time, arable lands of Rogozhskaya Yamskaya Sloboda were transferred to the Old Believers, and vacant suburban land between Kolomna and Vladimir roads was distributed among coachmen.
In 1824, a coachman Ivan Shiryaev owned the territory. And in 1852, he built a two-storey wooden building on the corner of Malaya Andronevskaya and Vekovaya streets, a revenue house with low-cost rented flats.
The landmark is a piece of Rogozhskaya Sloboda development typical for 19th century. The window openings of the first and second floors are decorated with timber mouldings. The second floor has pilasters with patterns looking like ancient entrelacs. A wooden cornice with applied thread elements shaped like denticles, medallions and lower edge teeth crowns the building. The internal layout is typical for a Moscow residential building of post-fire time.
According to Alexei Yemelyanov, the coachman Shiryaev's Mansion can be listed as a cultural heritage site in perspective, after its historical and cultural expertise is conducted. Pending a decision, the building is to be under state protection. It means that demolition or any alteration in its historical appearance is prohibited and any repair or restoration are to be approved and supervised by experts and the Moscow Cultural Heritage Department.