Merchant Panteleyev’s house on Staraya Basmannaya Street has recently been recognised as a regional cultural landmark. This three-storey stone building has a cellar as well as a loft. It was designed by architect Nikolai Kolybelin and built in 1874.
The u-shaped building retained many features from the late 19th century urban eclecticism. Its façade is decorated with pilasters and the windows have casing mouldings, while the ledges are decorated with tooth-shaped dentils. Its small loft has a decorative pediment, while in the centre of the façade, there is an archway. From the side of the courtyard, the building has two symmetrical wings, where initially, one could find back staircases and privies (WCs). The stairways retained their original décor, such as cornices and banisters.
“This is a typical example of one of Moscow’s rental properties dating back to the second half of the 19th century,” said Alexei Yemelyanov, Head of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage. “Most of the flats were rented out to middle class Muscovites. The building looks the same as it originally did and from an architectural and artistic point of view is of value. Merchant Alexei Panteleyev’s house, which can be seen from the side of Staraya Basmannaya Street, contributes to the street’s architectural appearance. The well-preserved state of both the building and its layout allows us to include it in the list of Moscow’s architectural landmarks.”
The manor on Staraya Basmannaya Street was bought by merchant Alexei Panteleyev from a Moscow burgess Klavdiya Kulakova. The new owner decided to convert the building into a block of flats which could be let out. Having obtained the necessary permission from the city administration, Panteleyev contacted Nikolai Kolybelin, graduate of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. The developed architectural project included changing the building’s façade and layout, plus turning the cellar into an additional floor for flats.
Today, the building is still used by people to live in. On the ground floor there are offices and the first and the second floors are occupied by residential flats. The cultural landmark status provides the building with state protection. Any renovation or restoration work must be carried out upon the authorisation and under the supervision of Moscow’s Cultural Heritage Department. Demolition of the building is prohibited. Its original look mustn’t ever be tampered with.
Moscow continues to preserve and restore its architectural landmarks. The list of cultural heritage sites is growing: some 700 buildings have been listed in the past 7 years, with 370 of them being newly discovered cultural heritage buildings, and some 325 being cultural heritage sites of federal or regional importance.
In June, this list was topped with merchant Sheshkov’s block of flats, where writer Anton Chekhov lived and worked from 1899to 1900. In July, the 18th-19th century Schnaubert Estate in Khokhlovsky Pereulok was also put under state protection. In October, the city added merchant Durilin’s rental property on Malaya Ordynka Street , which resembles a gothic castle, to Moscow’s list of cultural heritage landmarks.