The construction of a new thoroughfare, Likhachyov Prospekt, has been completed in the former ZIL industrial area in the Danilovsky District. Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin attended the opening ceremony.
“A new development hub is taking shape in Moscow, in the former ZIL industrial area. Nearby, there is a huge sports cluster, a technopark, a residential complex, and the roofed Dream Island, the largest children’s theme park. The former industrial area is turning into one of the most advanced comprehensive development areas in Moscow,” Mr Sobyanin said.
Likhachyov Prospekt is the former ZIL area’s central motorway, around three kilometres long, connecting Marc Chagall Embankment with the Tekhnopark metro station. Only part of Likhachyov Prospekt, from Tyufeleva Roshcha Street to the Tekhnopark metro station, is open so far. In the future, this motorway will handle the main transport flows, easing traffic on the embankments and streets in the district.
“Today, we opened the first motorway here. It was named after Likhachyov, the founder and director of the ZIL plant, to perpetuate his name during the redevelopment of this enormous area,” the Moscow Mayor stressed.
Likhachyov Prospekt will have two-to-three lanes in each direction. Its central structure is a 0.54-kilometre overpass through the Moscow Central Circle (MCC) with ramps and a u-turn ramp under the overpass.
The construction of Likhachyov Prospekt began in April 2016 and was completed in August 2018, eight months ahead of schedule. Mosproyekt-3 is the project’s general developer, and Mosinzhproyekt is its management company.
New roads for the former industrial area
The total length of the new road system in the former ZIL area will approximate 35 kilometres. This system will ensure transport and pedestrian access to the residential and public complexes currently under construction here. Around 4.7 kilometres of roads have already been built, including a three-kilometre-long overpass through the MCC and Likhachyov Prospekt, as well as roads for the ZIL transport interchange totalling one kilometre and Ryabushinsky Brothers Street.
Also being built are streets in residential development areas (scheduled for completion this year), part of Simonovskaya Embankment from Yuzhny Riverside Station to 2nd Yuzhnoportovy Proyezd, a bridge and a pedestrian overpass through Andropov Prospekt near the Tekhnopark metro station.
In addition, the project envisages the construction and redevelopment of embankments in the former industrial area and a bridge through the Novinka River. According to the new standards adopted in Moscow, they will be built farther from the bank line, making it possible to set up comfortable recreation zones near water. Krutitskaya Embankment, which along with Simonovskaya Embankment connects the redeveloped area with central Moscow, will also be upgraded.
Tyufeleva Roshcha: A world-class art object
The Moscow Mayor inspected the recently-opened Tyufeleva Roshcha Park. Sprawling across 10 hectares, the new green area adjoins the ZILART residential complex. The park was designed by Dutch-US landscape architect Jerry van Eyck.
Sergei Sobyanin stressed that apart from residential buildings and business and sports facilities the district will have public infrastructure, which is very important. He believes that the redeveloped area has every chance to become one of the best districts in the city.
The park’s lawns total 57,400 square metres. Around 3,500 trees (pines, larches, oaks and limes) and shrubs (juniper, cotoneaster, spiraea and rose) have been planted, and 10,700 square metres of flower beds have been made. All the plants were selected to match the complicated environmental conditions of the megacity. The greenery will make the park enjoyable for visitors in any season, not just in summer: decorative broad-leaved plants will adorn the area in autumn, while conifers will gladden the eye in winter.
One of the park’s main attractions is a 1.3-kilometre-long pergola (a framework for climbing plants) designed as a roofed promenade area and an observation platform. Eight metres high and two-and-a-half metres wide, the pergola symbolises a plant conveyer alluding to ZIL’s history. The roof is also open for promenades. Beneath are 12 pavilions: three cafes, two restaurants, three sports equipment rental stations, two kiosks, a gallery and a summer stage.
Tyufeleva Roshcha Park has a pond with purified water (it is put through sand filters, disinfected with UV light and treated with ozone) creating the blue lagoon effect. The pond is two metres deep in some places. The sub-water lighting system of the pond and the illuminated glass walls of the pergola’s observation platform make a spectacular sight at any hour. The total length of the park’s lighting system is almost 14,000 metres.
Close to the pond, there is a 1,500-square-metre playground for kids with slides built into artificial hills, a sandbox, a rock climbing wall, roundabouts and trampolines. A sports ground for adults boasts exercise equipment for all muscle groups, as well as volleyball, basketball and tennis courts.
Visitor security is ensured by a surveillance system consisting of 208 cameras.
The project developer is Proyekt Meganom, and the project contractor is LSR.Stroitelstvo-M.