Preserving history: City overhauls oldest tram stop

Preserving history: City overhauls oldest tram stop
All of the non-original elements on the small tram stop station were removed.

The city has finished restoring the Krasnostudenchesky Proyezd tram stop pavilion, the oldest cast-iron “station” in the city. It dates to the second half of the 19th century. Passengers will be able to use the centre section, and shops will be established in the other sections.

“The cast-iron tram stop pavilion is a unique landmark and an example of industrial architecture dating to the second half of the 19th century. The pavilion was quite rundown prior to restoration. The foundations and pedestals of the columns alone remained intact. The tram stop has now received a new lease of life thanks to high-quality restoration work and the leaseholder’s responsible attitude,” Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage Alexei Yemelyanov noted.

All of the non-original elements on the small building were removed during the restoration. The roof’s cast-iron sections were cleaned and restored based on the surviving original samples and the columns’ capitals now look new. One of them, shaped like a grain sheaf, had to be removed, and it was used as a template for making three capital (top) sections for the central pediment.

Old photos show 18 small capitals along the pavilion’s perimetre. It turned out that all of the capitals had been removed, but surviving samples were found inside the pavilion. Workers later used them to cast 18 capitals for the tram stop’s small building.

According to Mr Yemelyanov, the concrete slab serving as the tram stop’s pedestal and its cast-iron poles had deteriorated considerably since the late 19th century. But the restoration team decided to preserve original poles and use them to casting new ones. Wooden joists were later installed between the poles, and this proved to be the most difficult part of the project.

The Krasnostudenchesky Proyezd tram stop pavilion was built in the late 1890s to a design by architect Frantz Kognovitsky. Trams operating on the No. 27 route now stop here. The first steam tram, nicknamed “Parovichok” (Little steam locomotive) by Moscow residents, was launched in 1886. A tram route linked Butyrskaya Zastava Square with Petrovskaya Agricultural and Forestry Academy. Writer Konstantin Paustovsky worked as a conductor on this route for a while. Yevgeny Shervinsky rebuilt the pavilion in the 1920s, using the cast-iron elements.

After restoring the small station, its leaseholder will be able to pay one rouble per square metre under the city’s restoration lease programme. Leaseholders remain interested in the city’s restoration programme, and competition persists, Head of the Department for Competition Policy Gennady Dyogtev noted.

“Twenty-four lots have been auctioned off since 2013, with about six bidders per facility, and initial bidding prices are overstated by 350 percent, on the average. Some auctions last over seven hours,” he added.

Today, the city is auctioning off two properties, including the coach-shed at the Lepyokhin family estate in the Tagansky District and Voskresensky’s house with a mezzanine in the Basmanny District, under this programme.