The main building of the mansion at 10 Khokhlovsky Pereulok, which housed the Moscow Land Surveyors Office between 1802 and 1917, is to be renovated by 2023. The renovation project has been submitted to the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage for coordination, Department Head Alexei Yemelyanov said at the Moscow Urban Forum.
The investor company which has pledged to renovate the mansion will sign a contract with the city under the One Rouble Per Square Metre programme. The leaseholder was selected at an auction held in June.
“The story of this mansion in Khokhlovsky Pereulok, which was declared a regional cultural landmark in 2017, goes back to its construction in the 17th century, reportedly for the Lopukhin noble family. In the 18th century, the old building was replaced with a modern mansion comprising a residential building and outbuildings. We have a document to prove that Princess Maria Dolgorukova owned the building between 1738 and 1742,” Yemelyanov said.
The building later had several other owners. Count Sheremetev, who bought it in 1753, established the Church of the Holy Cross in the building because he could not attend services in the church on Khokhlovka due to illness. Then the building belonged to the princely Repnin family. The last private owner of the mansion was Princess Yekaterina Lobanova-Rostovskaya (née Kurakina). In 1802, the city bought the mansion from her for the Land Surveyors Office.
Land surveyors offices in Moscow and St Petersburg, as well as land surveyors branches in the provinces, were established in 1765 by Empress Catherine II. They employed draftsmen and land surveyors. Between 1770 and 1788, the Moscow office was located on Tverskaya Street, and then it moved to the Kremlin and ultimately to Khokhlovsky Pereulok.
“The mansion fell into disrepair by the 1840s, and the city entrusted its renovation to architect Yevgraf Tyurin (1792-1870), who renovated the Kremlin’s Arsenal and rebuilt the Manezh and the Alexandra Palace. The renovation of the Land Surveyors Office went on for two years between 1844 and 1846. The architect preserved the eclectic façade that combined several styles, from Classicism to the Baroque. A photograph taken before the renovation shows elongated windows decorated with high rectangular cornices. The western avant-corps were crowned with triangular frontispiece. Photographs from that period also show the rich interiors of the mansion,” Alexei Yemelyanov said.
In 1880, it was decided to add a third floor to the building. Famous architect Alexander Kaminsky (1829-1897), who designed the first building of the Tretyakov Gallery, started working on this project in 1885. The new floor did not look much different: the windows were elongated, although without cornices. After the 1917 October Revolution, the building was nationalised and subsequently housed various government institutions and organisations.
“The structural parts of the building – the roof, the walls, the windows and the staircases – will have to be reinforced. Some of them, primarily the roof, will be replaced. Some of the façade ornaments and parts of the brickwork have decayed badly and will have to be rebuilt. A balcony is missing on the third floor. A complete renovation plan will be approved soon. The renovation provides for adapting the building to modern demands. It will house offices,” Yemelyanov said.
The city’s One Rouble Per Square Metre rental discount programme was launched in 2013 to attract investors to the restoration of architectural landmarks. The winning companies of open auctions must restore the original appearance of the buildings within five years, after which they get a discounted rent of one rouble per square metre a year for 49 years.
Up till now, 21 historical landmarks have been renovated under this programme, including the mansion of Vasily Kolesnikov on Taganskaya Square, the famous house of Pyotr Sysoyev in Pechatnikov Pereulok where Leonid Gaidai shot his comedy The Twelve Chairs, and the Ratmanov Chambers in Bolshoi Kozlovsky Pereulok.
“This programme benefits both the city and the entrepreneurs. The city benefits because the historical look of its historical and cultural landmarks is restored, while entrepreneurs benefit because they will pay the smallest possible rent for the renovated buildings. Investors have taken a keen interest in this programme,” Yemelyanov noted.
Renovation is underway at seven landmarks now. The auction scheduled for 19 July also includes an 18th century mansion on Kremlin Embankment.
Details about the landmarks to be auctioned under this programme and the auction rules are available on the auctions website, mos.ru and the investment website.
The 8th Moscow Urban Forum is being held in the philharmonic concert hall at Zaryadye Park. The main theme of the business programme scheduled for 17 and 18 July is Megacity of the Future: New Space for Living. On the first day, the participants will discuss adaptation to new challenges and the rapidly changing socioeconomic conditions and technological environment. On 18 July, they will talk about the strategic development agenda for megacities in the next few decades.
Last year, the forum participants met at Pavilion 75 of VDNKh to discuss the future of megacities and urban areas. The forum’s business programme was attended by 11,000 participants from 68 countries, and 50,000 people attended the MUF Expo of urban development projects.