The city’s transport framework is to include over 1,000 kilometres of metro lines and 2,000 kilometres of streets and highways.
“Light-rail and metro lines, as well as new roads, will create the city’s new modern transport framework. And, of course, this will greatly change the transport situation in Moscow and the Moscow Region,” Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said.
Mr Sobyanin, Russian Minister of Transport Yevgeny Ditrikh and Russian Railways General Director/Board Chairman Oleg Belozyorov inspected the unfinished Ryazanskaya transit link/hub. They also discussed the development of the Moscow transport hub until 2023 and up to 2027.
They focused on the following:
— the railway infrastructure for the Moscow Railway’s radial routes;
— the creation of the new Moscow Central Diametres, cross city railway routes;
— the development of the Moscow metro from 2019-2023 and up to 2027;
— the development of the city’s road and street system in 2019-2023 and up to 2027;
— construction of the Ryazanskaya transit link/hub.
Moscow Central Diametres
The Moscow Central Diametres project will merge the Moscow Railway’s separate radial routes into an integral system. The new diametres will allow riders to cross the city without interchanges and reach various towns near Moscow.
“The new Moscow Central Diametres project will basically extend the length of the metro lines and railways in Moscow and the Moscow Region to about 1,000 kilometres. In fact, the metro system will be about three times the size it was in 2010,” Mr Sobyanin explained.
The first phase includes six cross-city ‘diameter’ lines:
— Moscow Central Diametre 1: Odintsovo-Lobnya;
— Moscow Central Diametre 2: Nakhabino-Podolsk;
— Moscow Central Diametre 3: Zelenograd-Ramenskoye;
— Moscow Central Diametre 4: Korolyov-Aprelevka;
— Moscow Central Diametre 5: Nakhabino-Zheleznodorozhny;
— Moscow Central Diametre 6: Pushkino-Podolsk.
The combined length of all six lines will be 430 kilometres, with 211 stations, including 170 current stations and 41 new ones. Peak service intervals will be about 5 minutes, slightly longer than those of the metro. Metro tickets and social benefits will also apply to the Moscow Central Diametres.
Central Diametre lines will provide changes at about 110 metro stations, Moscow Central Circle (MCC) belt railway stations and other diametre lines. The trains will carry an estimated 330 million riders annually.
The Moscow Central Diametre 1 and 2 projects linking Odintsovo-Lobnya and Nakhabino-Podolsk will be implemented first.
The MCD effect
This large project will result in the following:
— trip durations will be cut 1.8-fold;
— railway stations in central Moscow, including Savyolovsky, Belorussky, Rizhsky, Leningradsky, Kazansky, Yaroslavsky and Kievsky, will see 25 percent fewer riders;
— public transit will improve for over 6 million riders.
The Moscow Region’s benefits:
— trip times will be cut almost in half;
— public transit will improve for 2.6 million riders.
This transit programme will also reduce the number of motor vehicles entering Moscow and will scale down congestion levels on the main outbound routes.
“This is basically a light railway or surface metro that will merge the separate radial routes. It will allow riders to get across the city twice as fast. Today, it takes about two hours to cross the city from one point on the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD) to another, but this will soon decrease to about 60 minutes. It will help reduce gridlock on the entire road system for more convenient trips and smoother rides for drivers,” Mr Sobyanin noted.
New railway infrastructure
Today, the city and Russian Railways are jointly developing three high-priority radial lines on the Moscow Railway, including the Yaroslavl, Gorky (Nizhny Novgorod) and Kursk lines.
They remain 17 percent incomplete. The Yaroslavl Line is 22 percent incomplete. The Gorky Line is 13 percent incomplete, and the Kursk Line is 18 percent incomplete.
The Moscow Railway’s Yaroslavl Line will be upgraded in late 2018 and throughout 2019. The following facilities are planned:
— a fifth mainline track between Yaroslavsky Railway Station, Losinoostrovskaya and Mytishchi stations;
— a fourth mainline track between Mytishchi and Pushkino;
— a third mainline track between Mytishchi and Podlipki-Dachnye.
The passenger infrastructure, including platforms, sheds, pedestrian bridges, maintenance buildings and tunnels, will also be upgraded.
The Yaroslavl Line will see a 16 percent increase in train capacity (from 217 to 251 pairs of trains daily), with 3.5 minute peak hour service intervals.
The city is to completely overhaul a section of the Moscow Railway’s Gorky Line in late 2018 and 2019. The following is planned:
— a fourth mainline track on the Moscow-Passazhirskaya-Kurskaya-Zheleznodorozhnaya section;
— a railway bridge across the Pekhorka River;
— a Reutovo-Balashikha railway overpass.
The passenger infrastructure, including platforms, sheds, pedestrian bridges and tunnels, will also be upgraded.
The Gorky Line will see 15 percent more trains (from 133 to 153 pairs of trains daily) with 3.8 minute peak hour service intervals.
A second mainline track will be built between Reutovo and Balashikha by 2020 for a capacity of 178 pairs of trains daily.
This line is among the most congested, with about 20 percent of all Moscow Region-Moscow passengers using it. When the programme is completed, the load on this Moscow Railway section will be decreased by 40-50 percent.
There will be a new railway bridge across the Pakhra River on the Moscow Railway’s Kursk Line, as well as a Novokhokhlovskaya platform, before the year is out. The passenger infrastructure will also be upgraded.
The Tsaritsyno-Podolsk section will be able to handle 49 percent more trains (from 74 to 110 pairs of trains daily) with 4.6 minute peak hour service intervals.
Work is also underway to merge eight radial railway lines with the MCC’s Okruzhnaya (Savyolovo Line), Leningradskaya (Riga Line), Novokhokhlovskaya (Kursk Line), Varshavskaya (Pavelets Line), Karacharovo (Gorky Line), Severyanin (Yaroslavl Line), Frezer (Kazan Line) and NATI (Leningrad/St. Petersburg Line on the Oktyabrskaya Railway) stations.
Frezer station is already complete, and the others are under construction; all of them are about 29 percent incomplete.
The greatest metro expansion
Since 2010, the city has built 120.6 kilometres of metro lines, plus 64 stations, three hallways and seven train maintenance facilities for the metro and the MCC. The new stations are within walking distance of 3 million city residents living, working and studying nearby.
The city is now planning, designing and building about 200 kilometres of new metro lines. If implemented, these plans will extend the underground metro lines to 555 kilometres by 2023 and to 630 kilometres by 2027. Therefore, 95 percent of city residents will live near a metro station.
The Moscow Metro has never been developed at such a breathtaking pace before. The current metro construction programme is the most ambitious in the metro’s 80-year history, and currently, the most ambitious in the world.
Modern trains are already running on the MCC.
“We are currently building several metro stations. The MCC will intersect with the metro’s Big Circle Line (BCL) here, and the BCL will be even longer at about 70 kilometres. The Moscow Metro’s underground lines will almost double in length,” Mr Sobyanin said.
The first BCL section between the Delovoi Tsentr and Petrovsky Park stations is already in service, and the metro’s Kozhukhovskaya Line is also being built.
‘The diametres, the new infrastructure, new trains and new standards are our collective achievement. Without cooperation from the city of Moscow, all this would never be built. On the one hand, this is a pilot project. On the other, this is the technology of the future,” Mr Belozyorov noted.
Moscow’s new transport framework
In the past eight years, the city has built and upgraded 815 kilometres of roads and highways, 14 MKAD transport interchanges, nine outbound motorways, 227 structures and 215 pedestrian crossings.
There are plans to build 485 kilometres of roads and about 100 related structures by 2023, as well as an additional 400 kilometres of roads by 2027. The 328-kilometre Central Ring Road is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2020.
Apart from the Central Ring Road (TsKAD), the most ambitious projects in the city’s new transport framework, include the North-West, North-East and South-East expressways and the Southern Expressway.
“Generally, the city’s four expressways and the Central Ring Road, being built by our colleagues, as well as radial routes, will add about 2,000 kilometres of roads to Moscow and the Moscow Region,” Mr Sobyanin added.
Four stations - one hub
Construction of the city’s largest Ryazanskaya transit link/hub will get underway before the year is out at Ryazansky Prospekt-Nizhegorodskaya Street and the MCC. The four largest transport arteries, including Ryazansky Prospekt, the metro, the MCC, and the Moscow Railway’s Gorky Line will meet here. Engineers are currently designing the infrastructure and commercial facilities of this transit link/hub.
“This hub links various transport systems and will handle more riders than any other facility. The three most congested railway stations (Leningradsky, Yaroslavsky and Kazansky) handle just as many riders as this transit link/hub is expected to receive,” Russian Minister of Transport Yevgeny Ditrikh said.
The transit hub will hinge on the MCC’s Nizhegorodskaya station and the unfinished Nizhegorodskaya stations on the metro’s Kozhukhovskaya Line (No. 15) and the Big Circle Line. The Ryazanskaya transit hub will include the Karacharovo platform on the railway Gorky Line. Today, this platform is being relocated closer to the MCC’s Nizhegorodskaya station.
There will be three passenger platforms for six railway lines at Karacharovo station. The platforms will receive commuter trains and new long-distance high-speed trains between Moscow and Kazan. Karacharovo will serve as a terminus for some trains, taking the load off Kursky Railway Station.
“We are completely rebuilding Karacharovo station to include the new high-speed system in the future. The first phase is only three platforms, and two more will be added as part of the high-speed project. All this is integrated with the metro and the city infrastructure,” Deputy Russian Railways Director General Oleg Toni explained. The first phase is to open in November, he added.
The transit hub will include a shopping mall, a high-end residential building, an office development and parking space.
About 400,000 riders are to use the new transit hub daily. This will reduce congestion on Ryazansky Prospekt, Nizhegorodskaya Street, nearby roads and streets, and provide high-quality transit service to people in these residential areas and to more quickly develop adjacent areas.