Sergei Sobyanin opens first section of the metro’s new Large Circle Line

Sergei Sobyanin opens first section of the metro’s new Large Circle Line
Photo: Photo by the Mayor and Moscow Government Press Service. Yevgeny Samarin
Over 400,000 Muscovites can now get from one district to another without going through the centre.

The Delovoi Tsentr–Petrovsky Park section of the Large Circle Line (Bolshaya Koltsevaya Line) is now open for service.

“This is a historical day for Moscow, Muscovites and the Moscow Metro. We are launching the first section of the Large Circle Line. This is one of the largest metro lines in the world. It will connect the central parts of Moscow and will bring many districts much closer, improve transport accessibility and increase travel convenience for Muscovites. It will take the load off the Circle and other lines. I would like to thank the constructors for the difficult and complex work needed to create the first section of the Large Circle Line. During the next four to five years, we must complete the entire line and make Moscow transport more advanced and comfortable. I congratulate you on this big event, I congratulate Muscovites and the builders! Godspeed!” Sergei Sobyanin said.

The first 10.5-kilometre section includes five new stations: Petrovsky Park, CSKA, Khoroshovskaya, Shelepikha and Delovoi Tsentr. In addition, the tunnels between Petrovsky Park and Nizhnyaya Maslovka for connecting tracks have been built. The station is also nearing completion.

Until the Large Circle Line is completed, trains in this first section will run to one of two destination like Line 4 currently does: from Petrovsky Park, they will run to Shelepikha and then either to Delovoi Tsentr or to Ramenki on Line 8 through Park Pobedy via a connecting track.

Half as much time on the road

This new section will provide easier access for employees and visitors of the Moscow City Business Centre where about 300,000 people go every day. Over 400,000 Muscovites will be able to get from one district to another without having to go through the centre. This includes people living in Presnensky, Khoroshovskaya, Khoroshevo-Mnevniki, Begovoi and Aeroport districts. For example, today it takes 27 minutes and two interchanges to get from the Delovoi Tsentr station to Dynamo. Now it will only take half as much time: 12–15 minutes.

The new line will partly ease the burden on the northwestern section of the busiest lines: Line 7 (about 5 percent), Line 2 and Circle Line (approximately 7 percent). In addition, access to Aviapark Mall, CSKA and Dynamo stadiums and other existing facilities either are available or will be built.

Five new stations

The Delovoi Tsentr station is located at the heart of Moscow City. There, riders can change to Line 8 or to Vystavochnaya station on Line 4. There is also a surface interchange for the Moscow Central Circle station (MCC). The Testovskaya station on Moscow Railway Smolensk Line is also easily accessed by foot.

Delovoi Tsentr is a columned triple-hall deep level station with an island platform. It is 163 metres long and 14.9 metres wide. There are elevators for people with disabilities.

Shelepikha is located north of Shmitovsky Proyezd and west of the MCC. It is a columned triple-hall shallow level station with an island platform, 163 metres long and 12 metres wide. The interior is black and yellow. The floor cover is granite and the walls, marble. Shelepikha has two entrance halls; those who work at Big City (Shelepikhinskaya Embankment) will be able to use it. Shelepikha will be integrated into a transport hub, with the same name, which will provide for an interchange between the Large Circle Line and the MCC. In addition, Testovskaya railway station is also close. There will also be bus stops.

Khoroshovskaya station is on Khoroshovskoye Motorway where it crosses Kuusinen and 4th Mgistralnaya streets. It is also a triple-hall shallow level station with an island platform 163 metres long, 12 metres wide. Khoroshovskaya has two entrance halls, one for each side of Khoroshovskoye Motorway and for Kuusinen Street. The eastern entrance hall presents art compositions a-la Malevich, Rodchenko, Popova and Ekster, and decorations at the west end are reminiscent of works by the Vesnin brothers, Ginzburg, Golosov, Leonidov, Ladovsky and Melnikov.

While Khoroshovskaya station was under construction, the entrance hall of Polezhayevskaya station on Line 7 was also renovated. Now passengers can interchange from the Large Circle Line to Line 7. It is also possible to walk to Khoroshovo station on the MCC.

CSKA station is on Khodynskoye Polye Street. It is also a triple-hall shallow level columned station with an island platform 163 metres long, 12 metres wide. Two entrance halls lead to the new park on Khodynskoye Polye and to the Megasport Sport Palace. The station has escalators and elevators for people with disabilities. For the first time, a 28-metre-deep station (which is as high as a nine-storey building) was built by the cut-and-cover method. The MCC Zorge station is located near CSKA metro station.

CSKA station is a gift to FC CSKA fans, which celebrates its 95th anniversary this year. It is decorated with football club’s colours: red and blue. The ceiling is adorned with pictures dedicated to various sports; there are 5-metre-high bronze sculptures portraying a skier, and basketball, hockey and football players. The sculptures were designed by the Grekov Military Artist Studio. The CSKA logo is engraved on the bases.

Petrovsky Park station is in Aeroport District. Here, people can change for Dynamo station on Line 2. Today, the station can only be accessed from the street; the interchange will open next year.

Like the other stations, Petrovsky Park station is a columned triple-hall shallow level station with an island platform 163 metres long and 12 metres wide.

The interior is white and green. Ural marble and granite were used for the walls; the floors are covered with grey and black granite tiles, the track walls – with white marble and unusual torch-shaped columns with green. The station has two entrance halls with elevators and escalators.

The longest circle line in the world

The Large Circle Line is the largest metro engineering project in the world. It will have 31 stations and two maintenance facilities. With the existing Kakhovskaya–Kashirskaya station it will be 69 kilometres long, thus becoming the longest circle line in the world, longer than the current record holder: the second circle line of the Beijing Metro (57 kilometres).

The Large Circle Line will connect existing and future radial lines 10 kilometres away from the Circle Line, which will ease the burden on the line and inside it.

“I would like to congratulate and award the builders. In fact, they have accomplished a heroic feat: building a metro line in difficult geological conditions, crossing several metro, automobile and railway lines – all to build this amazing metro line,” Sergei Sobyanin noted.

During the construction, builders used engineering solutions that will make it possible to adjoin new radial lines such as Rublyovo-Arkhangelskaya (at Ulitsa Narodnogo Opolchenya station), Kommunarskaya Line (at Ulitsa Novatorov station) and a future line leading to Vostochnoye and Zapadnoye (Eastern and Western) Biryulyovo and Shcherbinka (at Klenovy Bulvar station).

There will be 19 interchanges with other metro lines, four interchanges with the MCC, five interchanges with Moscow central lines and 11 interchanges with railway stations. Delovoi Tsentr, Nizhnyaya Maslovka, Nizhegorodskaya, Ulitsa Novatorov and several other stations will become the largest transport hubs on the Large Circle Line.

Phased construction

The first attempt to build the Large Circle Line was proposed in 1985, but the project was not implemented for 25 years because of the lack of resources and several other reasons. Construction began in November 2011.

The construction has several phases. The first section is the Delovoi Tsentr–Nizhnyaya Maslovka section built in two steps: the Delovoi Tsentr–Petrovsky Park section and then the Petrovsky Park–Nizhnyaya Maslovka section.

The northeastern Nizhnyaya Maslovka–Aviamotornaya section is divided into the following phases: Aviamotornaya–Lefortovo; Lefortovo–Rubtsovskaya; and Rubtsovskaya–Nizhnyaya Maslovka. The western section runs from Khoroshovskaya to Mozhayskaya stations (Kuntsevskaya station).

The southwestern part includes the section between Mozhayskaya (Kuntsevskaya station) to Prospekt Vernadskogo station, and the southern, from Prospekt Vernadskogo station to Kakhovskaya station (including a renovation of the section between Kashirskaya and Kakhovskaya).

The eastern section is the section between Kashirskaya and Karacharovo (Nizhegorodskaya) stations.

In addition, there will also be a new section from Aviamotornaya to Nizhegorodskaya stations on Line 15.

All sections of the Large Circle Line are currently under construction, with seven tunnel boring machines (TBMs) boring tunnels. In the future, 12 additional machines will be used.

61 new stations and 114 kilometres of track

In 2011–2018, 114.4 kilometres of track, 61 new stations, three entrance halls, six maintenance depots and the entire MCC have been built in Moscow, with six new stations opened on the Maryino–Zyablikovo and the Maryina Roshcha– Petrovsko-Razumovskaya sections of Line 10 as well as an entrance hall on Maryina Roshcha and Petrovsko-Razumovskaya stations.

Six new stations were built on Line 8 on the Novogireyevo–Novokosino section and on the Delovoi Tsentr–Ramenki section. Tekhnopark, Alma-Atinskaya and Khovrino stations have opened on Line 2 and Pyatnitskoye Shosse station on Line 3. The section between Vykhino and Kotelniki (three stations) opened on Line 7 as well as Spartak station; now trains also run from Ulitsa Starokochalovskaya station to Bitsevsky Park station (two stations on the Butovskaya Line).

Three new stations have opened on the Yugo-Zapadnaya–Salaryevo section of Line 1, five – on Delovoi Tsentr–Petrovsky Park section of the Large Circle Line and 31 stations on the MCC. The second entrance hall has been built at Mezhdunarodnaya station on Line 4. Workers have also renovated six train maintenance facilities: Mitino, Brateyevo, Pechatniki, Vykhino, Planernoye and Nizhegorodskoye.

As of today, another 200 kilometres of track are being planned, designed or built. All of these plans will double the total length of the Moscow Metro by 2025–2027 compared with 2010.