The facades of 17 metro stations will be renovated before the end of the year under the My Street programme. Most of them are located within the Third Ring Road, while seven – Teatralnaya, Arbatskaya (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line), Kuznetsky Most, Biblioteka Imeni Lenina, Paveletskaya (Circle Line), Taganskaya (Circle Line) and Oktyabrskaya (Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line) – are located within the Garden Ring. Renovation will begin in October.
“The facades of 17 metro stations face streets that were improved in 2015 and 2016 and that were included in the My Street programme. Some of these buildings are historical, because they were built in the 1930s, at the very beginning of metro construction. The facades are currently in bad shape and require proper repair,” the press service of the Department for Major Housing Repairs said.
Thirteen of these stations are considered cultural heritage sites or non-registered cultural heritage sites, and they require special care.
“First, a renovation project is developed for each façade and then reviewed by the department. Projects can be approved separately or reviewed as part of the document package issued to a contractor. Restorers oversee the work and give expert direction. The main requirement is that the renovation must not change the historical look of the building,” said Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage Alexei Yemelyanov.
The plaster finish has peeled off some of the facades, and the plasterwork is damaged on many of them. Some granite slabs on the walls have cracks. For example, the Rizhskaya station, built in 1958, has lost its initial exterior finish, and the granite plinth was painted over. The walls were clad in sandstone and Mettlach tiles, named after the German town of Mettlach, which is known for its ceramics and tile-making. Mettlach tile technology is over 100 years old. Due to the high kiln temperature (1,200 degrees Celsius) the tile is very durable and can endure harsh winters. The tile comes in various shapes, sizes and colours to create intricate patterns on floors and walls. At this point, the sandstone and tile on the Rizhskaya station are hidden under layers of paint. The wooden window frames are old and do not close properly.
The stone tiles above the entrances to the Biblioteka Imeni Lenina (built in 1935) and Paveletskaya (built in 1950) are also covered in paint. The Krasnopresnenskaya entrance hall has partially lost its mouldings.
As the Department for Major Housing Repairs said, the preservation of the historical look of the facades will take place at all 17 objects.
Experts will remove the old paint from the original granite and sandstone facing and rebuild the lost or broken parts. The facades will be treated with a special solution to prevent mold and protect them from the elements. The old wooden doors will remain in place, but the metal hardware will be replaced with new brass pieces. The wooden doors will be stripped of paint and then covered with an antiseptic solution and several layers of lacquer. Obsolete lamps will be replaced with LED lighting. The entrances will remain open during the entire renovation period.
The following stations will be restored:
— Kurskaya (Circle Line);
— Kurskaya (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line);
— Paveletskaya (Circle Line);
— Biblioteka Imeni Lenina;
— Taganskaya (Circle Line);
— Arbatskaya (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line);
— Oktyabrskaya (Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line);
— Kuznetsky Most;
This year the My Street programme includes the renovation of streets and squares with a total length of 65 kilometres. Most of the construction and installation have been finished at 100 sites. Among them, the city’s main street, Tverskaya (from Nastasyinsky Pereulok to Triumfalnaya Square), Tverskaya Zastava and Lubyanskaya squares, Bolshaya Lubyanka Street, the Garden Ring, the Boulevard Ring and most of the embankments. Temporary wooden ramps, fences and temporary road signs have been removed.