How the Moscow traffic changes after improvement

How the Moscow traffic changes after improvement
Площадь Тверская Застава. Проектное решение
There will be a slip road onto  1st Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street, trolleys will return to Tverskaya Zastava Square, and there will be six new bus lanes on a number of central streets.

The transportation scheme on almost twenty central streets will have been renewed after the My Street renovation programme is completed. There will be six new lanes for public transportation on 14 central streets, and new U-turns on Prechistenskiye Vorota Square, Olimpiysky Prospekt and Zubovsky Boulevard. After city renovations there will be new  places where tour buses can park in Moscow, and Slavyanskaya Square will become Kitai-Gorod transportation hub. All the changes are being made so as to make it easier for public transportation to get to the centre of the city, and to create convenient pedestrian routes near to the Moscow tourist attractions.

Public transportation lanes, but where?

There already are 29 designated transit lanes for public transportation in Moscow, 258 kms of them. Once the renovation programme is completed, there will be six new ones added totalling seven more kms. They will run  along 14 central streets, with oncoming 1.4-km-long one-way bus lanes on Sretenka and Bolshaya Lubyanka streets. The oncoming lane will allow the development of new routes into the city centre. The public transportation will not have to drive round the one-way streets on the way back.

New designated transit lanes will go:

through Staraya, Novaya, Slavyanskaya and Lubyanskaya squares as well as Lubyansky Proyezd, for 1 km

along Prospekt Mira from the Garden Ring to the Third Ring Road for 2.3 km

along Barrikadnaya Street for 0.4 km

along Verkhnya Radishchevskaya and Nizhnyaya Radishchevskaya streets for 1 km

along Nikoloyamskaya Street for 1km

along Zhitnaya Street (a section from Mytnaya Street to Kalyzhskaya Square) and Koroviy Val Street, for 0.6 km

along Sretenka and Bolshaya Lubyanka streets for 1.4 km.

Public transit operations

The city’s development will include a broader range of services on public transit. On Slavyanskaya Square, the new Kitai-Gorod transit hub will soon be opened. This is the first and only major transit hub in the city centre. It will provide a convenient interchange from metro to day- or night surface transit at Slavyanskaya Square. Riders will also be able to rent a bike or take a taxi from a special parking area. The new transit hub will provide 20-minute access to any location in the city centre. Parking lots will be available for tourist buses near the most interesting city landmarks. On Moskvoretskaya Street near Zaryadye Park, there will be parking spaces for 8 buses. The same number of parking spaces will be available on Prechistenskaya Embankment. Bolotnaya Street will include a zone for 38 tourist buses. Tverskaya Zastava Square near the Circle Line’s Belorusskaya metro station will include spaces for two buses with tourists changing for the Aeroexpress to get to the airport. A parking lot for tourist buses will also appear near the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.

A new Magistral bus route will link Prospekt Mira and Sretenka Street with the Kremlin Ring, Novy Arbat and Kutuzovsky Prospekt. This will reduce travel time to the city centre on surface transit, making a trip more convenient by eliminating interchanges, ascents and descents to and from metro stations. The bus ride from Sretenka Street to Teatralnaya Square and to Novy Arbat will be half as long (seven minutes instead of 15, and 12 minutes instead of 25 respectively).

Moscow’s Magistral surface transport system became operational in the city centre in autumn 2016. It is now used by over 500,000 passengers daily. It includes 39 routes that run at intervals of 5-10 minutes. There are high-frequency, local and specialised routes.

As part of the development project, the tram ring that was demolished in 1946 was brought back to Tverskaya Zastava Square. The tram ring with a stop on the square became a natural continuation of the line that used to end at Lesnaya Street. The only point at which the extended tram line is crossed by traffic is at the intersection of Lesnaya and 1st Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street. Previously operational trams No. 7 and 9 have been running on the extended line. After the route was extended, tram No. 7 now runs through Palikha and Lesnaya streets ending at Belorussky railway terminal instead of running to Novoslobodskaya metro station. Tram No. 9 also proceeds from Novoslobodskaya metro station to Belorussky Railway Terminal. Modern low-floor trams, Vityaz-M models, run on the routes. They are fitted with climate control, surveillance cameras and a turnstile-free payment system. The main traffic directions and the number of lanes on the square have remained unchanged. Over 60 synchronised traffic signals have been installed. Gruzinsky Val and Lesnaya streets have been connected by a new motorway providing direct access between the streets.    

Where will the new turns be?

There will be three new turns at the city’s improved streets – Prechistenskiye Vorota Square, Olimpiysky Prospekt and Zubovsky Boulevard. At Prechistenskiye Vorota Square drivers will be able to turn around by the north hall of Kropotkinskaya metro station, entering the inbound direction of Gogolevsky Boulevard from its outbound one. This turn will have only one direction. Those driving from Tsvetnoy Boulevard away from the centre will be able to make a turn at Olimpiysky Prospekt. The turn at Samotyochnaya Square will be closed; this will ease traffic at the square. There will also be a new turn at Zubovsky Boulevard, where drivers will be able to get to Leninsky Prospekt from the clockwise side of the Garden Ring. The existing turn at Zubovskaya Square will remain open as an alternative route. The turn at Kaluzhskaya Square, which allowed drivers to get to Leninsky Prospekt from the Garden Ring, has already been closed.

It should also be mentioned that the turn at Slavyanskaya Square, which allowed drivers to get to Lubyansky Proyezd from Novaya Square, will be closed to private transport, and will remain open for city buses only.

How will turns and exits change?

The turn at Serpukhovskaya Square, which allowed drivers to get to Lyusinovskaya Street from Bolshaya Sukharevskaya Street, will be changed. Drivers will be able to get to Lyusinovskaya Street via Bolshaya Sukharevskaya Street bypassing Valovaya Street. The exit from Valovaya Street to Pyatnitskaya Street will be moved back in the direction of traffic. Thus drivers will be able to get to Pyatnitskaya Street via 3rd Monetchikovskiy Pereulok. The exit to Oruzheiny Pereulok from the clockwise side of the Garden Ring will be changed as well. Now in order to get to Oruzheiny Pereulok drivers must exit to the road adjacent to Delegatskaya Street. The current exit to Oruzheiny Pereulok will be closed.

City improvement works widened the narrow parts of the carriageway ‒ the so-called bottlenecks ‒ at two sites of the Garden Ring. Before the renovation, the eight lanes of Zubovsky Boulevard turned into three lanes at Krymsky Bridge, causing constant traffic problems.

The number of lanes has also been changed at Sadovaya-Karetnaya Street in the section of the Garden Ring’s clockwise side. Before the improvement works, the six lanes of the street turned into four lanes by the entrance to the tunnel under Triumfalnaya Square. Now this section has only four lanes with three lanes inside the tunnel.

At the same time, Bolotnaya Embankment will open to drivers. Now they will be able to use the embankment to get from Bolotnaya Street to Bolshoi Kamenny Bridge. There also will be a new through road at 1st Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street. Drivers will be able to cross Tverskaya Street, from Chayanova Street towards Vasilyevskaya Street, using the intersection with traffic lights. The new through road may be used for driving the other direction as well.

Which streets will become pedestrian zones

Bogoyavlensky and Rybny pereuloks, as well as Birzhevaya Square will be completely closed off to traffic, becoming pedestrian only areas connecting the Kremlin and Zaryadye Park. The only cars that are allowed are those belonging to people who live or work there, also various special vehicles and delivery vans going to shops and cafes. A left turn from 1st Golutvinsky Preulok to Bolshaya Yakimanka Street is due to open near the new pedestrian area towards the Kremlin. Bolshaya Yakimanka Street have two-way traffic, with one lane in each direction.

The section of Yakimanskaya Embankment between 3rd Golutvinsky Pereulok and Bolshaya Yakimanka Street is now closed off to traffic, with half of 3rd Golutvinsky Pereulok between the intersection with 1st Golutvinsky Preulok and the intersection with Yakimanskaya Embankment.

Also the area in front of the historical entrance to Krasnye Vorota metro station, on Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya Street, will become a pedestrian zone, with the entrance to Myasnitsky Proyezd from the Garden Ring’s inner side and the exit from Myasnitsky Proyezd to Sadovo-Spasskaya Street closed off. Drivers can enter Myasnitsky Proyezd through Khromny Pereulok and exit it through Myasnitskaya Street.

After the improvements, new infrastructure will be created not only for pedestrians but for cyclists too. Bicycle lanes on Soimonovksy Proyezd and Yauzsky Boulevard will be extended to form a single cycle route: a big cycle lane will circle around the Moscow boulevards.

This year, renovation of 65 kms of streets, embankments and squares has been carried out under the My Street programme. Pavements have been widened, building facades repaired, new recreation areas and viewpoints have been created in the centre of the city. The main part of the programme will be completed by City Day. New trees will be planted in the improved areas later this autumn.