Moscow has seen the construction of over 500 km of roads in the past few years, Sergei Sobyanin told a meeting of the board of the Urban Development and Construction Complex (Stroicomplex).
“Over these years, we have built over 500 km of roads and dozens of artificial structures. The overall road surface in Moscow has increased by 12 percent against the huge volume of construction of the past centuries. This is a major breakthrough. All this has a direct effect on the traffic situation, which has slightly improved and continues to get better,” the Moscow Mayor stressed.
Transport network of motorways
Stroicomplex’s objective for the upcoming years is to create new city motorways. These are the North-West, North-East and Southern expressways, as well as the intersection of Kaluzhskoye Motorway with the Central Ring Road (TsKAD). Their overall length will beat that of the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD) by 2.5 times. The capital is bound to get four new motorways which will provide a new city transport network.
“Our top priority is to improve people’s living standards, to fill the demand. Four million Moscow drivers have been waiting eagerly, just like for a pie from the oven, for each new road facility to be launched. These include interchanges, roads, tunnels, overpasses, railway crossings and upgraded motorways,” the Moscow Mayor added.
Reconstruction of MKAD interchanges is almost complete. Within three years, four more interchanges with the MKAD will be built. These are the interchange from the North-West Expressway on Generala Dorokhova Street and the exit to the MKAD from the Southern Expressway. There are also plans to put in interchanges near the Besedinsky Bridge and Verkhniye Polya Street, said Deputy Moscow Mayor for Urban Development and Construction Marat Khusnullin.
Over 100 km of roads are built in Moscow every year. Every fourth tunnel, bridge and overpass has been constructed in the past six years. The road network length and traffic speed have grown by 13 percent, whereas traffic congestion has fallen by 23 percent in Moscow.
Construction of transit hubs is in full swing. “Out of the 134 permanent transit hubs, 55 are either being planned or built, and 13 hubs already have investors who have actively joined the work. As for non-permanent transit hubs, 100 are already in operation,” noted the Deputy Mayor.
New lines and metro stations
In recent years, more than 100 km of railway tracks have been added to the Moscow Central Circle (MCC) and metro, and 160 km of commuter rail lines have opened. “This year we have set a record in our metro. We plan to put into service about 40 km and 19 stations. This is an unprecedented number in Moscow’s history. World history counts only two or three such cases,” added Marat Khusnullin.
This year, the first section of the Third Interchange Circuit will be launched. It will be completed in 2020. “Ours is the largest circle-shaped metro in the world with 67 km, 31 stations and 21 interchanges with radial lines, the MCC and railway,” pointed out Marat Khusnullin. According to Sergei Sobyanin, the Third Interchange Circuit will change the metro situation dramatically, taking the load off central lines and providing lateral interchanges between radial lines.
Comfortable housing and new offices
The city has devised a relocation programme to provide its residents with new, comfortable housing. It includes over 5,000 buildings. “The programme will allow us not only to revitalise old housing but also to give new opportunities to Muscovites,” noted Sergei Sobyanin.
So far, housing construction under the relocation programme will take place at 323 sites that occupy 5,800,000 square metres.
“Every week, we get two to three or even five to ten new sites with a certain number of flats. Over the last week, we have added 20 more locations to the project. Besides that, we have been conducting a city-planning study of 72 sites,” said Marat Khusnullin.
According to Sergei Sobyanin, about 10 million square metres of office, retail and integrated spaces have opened recently. More affordable leases are now available, which has brought business back to Moscow.
Kindergartens and schools without waiting lists
Hundreds of social infrastructure facilities are going up in Moscow. The city has made their construction a priority. Kindergartens and schools no longer have waiting lists thanks to these new facilities.
Outpatient clinic construction has been ongoing. “We have been building a number of major clinics, including Morozovskaya Children’s Hospital, a new hospital in the Kommunarka District and innovative clinics in Skolkovo’s Moscow International Medical Cluster,” remarked Sergei Sobyanin, stressing the importance of following the construction schedule for these facilities.
Builders have already assembled the metal structure of the Glass Canopy at Zaryadye Park. Now they are putting in its glass windows, installing the cooling system and creating the 1,000-square-metre Ice Cave. Over 5,000 people are working round the clock in the park.
About 600 trees have been planted in Zaryadye Park, nearly all of which have taken root. “Tens of thousands of shrubs and about a million annual plants have been planted,” added Marat Khusnullin.