Leonovo Estate garden to be recreated in Moscow

Leonovo Estate garden to be recreated in Moscow
Design concept
Workers are now improving ‘Garden of the Future’ park in the northeast of Moscow, also known as Leonovo Estate, part of which was lost in the beginning of the 20th century. It will unite recreation areas with flowerbeds and linden tree lined walkways common to estates.

Workers are now improving the Garden of the Future in the northeast of Moscow, which will unite the 18th and 19th centuries with modern times. The green zone is located where Leonovo Estate once stood. The estate’s main house burned down at the beginning of the 20th century, but parts of the 200-year-old linden tree walkways and old garden plan remain. However, the walkways and descent to the estate’s pond have been poorly maintained. The rest of the park is overgrown and has not been maintained properly. The city is now working to improve the 20 hectare estate.

New trees will be planted along the historical linden alley; a paved path will appear in the trees’ shade. Also, a patterned flowerbed and a multilevel terrace descending to the pond will be built. All these elements will be true to the 18th-19th century park design. However, after the improvement the Garden of the Future will also have contemporary additions: a wood summerhouse with hanging cocoon lounges, a co-working space, a fitness area with QR-coded equipment, and a children’s playground with musical instruments. The new recreation areas will blend seamlessly into the park’s landscape and fit into to the historical design. The improved park will open to the public in September.

During the development of the Garden of the Future project, we paid a lot of attention to the park’s historical value,” said a representative of the Department for Major Housing Repairs. “Unfortunately, the main house and other buildings were lost, but we still have the basics of the historical park, for instance, parts of the linden alley. These elements, as well as a few others, are now being recreated based on 18th-19th century historical maps.”

Old pavements (walkways) had already disappeared in the park. Now workers are installing utility lines, improving the roads and paths, and planting grass. The pavement area in the park will be more than 20,000 square metres. Also, a 100-metre-long ecological path across a gulley will be repaired, and a new boardwalk surface will be laid on the path. In addition, 165 trees and over 6,000 bushes will be planted, about 1,800 square metres of flowerbeds and 160,000 square metres of lawn will appear. Also, workers will put up directional signage, a sports equipment rental shop, retail shops, cafes and administration offices. Over 320 streetlamps will be installed along the walkways.

The Garden of the Future is in Rostokino, in the northeast of Moscow close to Botanichesky Sad metro station, between 1st Leonovskaya Street, Wilhelm Pick Street and the Yauza River. The park is situated where 18th century Leonovo Estate once stood. The area included a family house and a large park with walkways and greenhouses. At first, it belonged to Prince Ivan Khovansky, then, to State Councillor Pavel Demidov. At the beginning of the 19th century, Leonovo village was sold to factory owner Ivan Kozhevnikov: the park was mostly cut down to provide space for a fabric factory. During the 1860s Leonovo became a dacha area and houses for rent were built in the estate. The estate house burned down at the beginning of the 20th century. Several summer houses lasted until 1950s. In 1961, a lot of construction began at Leonovo, and the dilapidated buildings were torn down. The pond, the stone church of Blessed Mary’s Robe Deposition of Blachernae (1719-1722), the old linden alley and a 300-year-old oak tree survived.

The Garden of the Future received its name in 2003 during the EXPO Science 2003 international exhibition of youth scientific and technical projects in Moscow.

This year, the city plans to improve 129 parks (including 56 recreations) with a total area of 1,508 hectares under the Urban Development city programme. During recent years, the number of green zones has grown significantly. In 2010, there were 130 parks and 86 recreation areas in protected natural areas in the city, and at the beginning of 2017 this number has increased to 436. The new and improved parks attract residents and tourists.