Cupola hothouse in Zaryadye and swimming pools with retractable roofs: Moscow’s unique construction sites

Cupola hothouse in Zaryadye and swimming pools with retractable roofs: Moscow’s unique construction sites
Design concept
Mos.ru overview of what has been built in Moscow in the past few years.

 

Over 500 km of roads, 101 km of metro and the Moscow Central Circle lines and tens of millions of square metres of office and retail space have been built in Moscow in the past few years. With large-scale construction ongoing, Moscow is one of the world’s fastest developing big cities.

 

Moscow is developing its metro and road infrastructure at a record pace. New stadiums and social facilities, housing and office buildings are opening.

 

Moscow’s largest stadium and jewel of the world in Zaryadye

 Despite its impressive scale, the renovation of Luzhniki’s Grand Sports Arena was completed on time. Next year – 2018 – it will host the FIFA World Cup. The specialists involved achieved something rare, because according to statistics only 10 percent of such large facilities are completed on time. Currently 45 sports facilities are under construction in Luzhniki, including a swimming complex that consists of three swimming pools with retractable roofs and Europe’s largest tennis centre.

The unique park Zaryadye is expected to be ready in autumn. Builders have already completed the assembly of metal structures that form a transparent glass cupola-hothouse.  Now they are installing glass windows in the park, a cooling system and an ice cave that occupies about a thousand square metres. They will also build one of the city’s best viewing platforms – an unusual soaring footbridge without a single support. The philharmonic society that is expected to be opened in 2018 will be a jewel of the music world.

Another 42 km and 19 stations

The length of metro lines in Moscow has increased by 30 percent in the past six years. The Stroicomplex (Urban Development and Construction Complex) has built 101 km of metro lines and put into operation 55 stations. This year it plans to fulfil an ambitious goal – put into service another 42 km of lines and 19 stations. The task for the next few years is to complete the construction of the Third Interchange Circuit.

 

The Moscow Government has already received a permit for designing another 43 km of metro lines that will be extended to Troitsk, Severny and other routes.

The Moscow Central Circle is also making progress. In 2017-2018 it will be integrated with three radial lines of the Moscow Railway to achieve a “dry feet” experience: passengers will be able to change from suburban commuters to Lastochka trains without going out into the street.

Moscow is among the world’s three top leaders in road construction

All megapolises suffer from traffic jams. To minimise them, city governments are building and renovating roads and other major transport facilities. In the past three years the total length of Moscow roads has grown by 300 km. Moreover, every fourth tunnel, bridge or flyover has been built in the past six years. Moscow is in the world’s top three in road construction along with Beijing and New York.

As a result, the speed of traffic in Moscow has risen by 13 percent, the traffic load has been reduced by 23 percent, and the length of roads increased by 13 percent since 2010 – and all this despite the growing number of cars in the capital.

Stroicomplex plans to build new roads – the North-West, North-East and Southern expressways - and  connect Kaluzhskoye Motorway with the Central Ring Road.

Housing and outpatient clinics

A total of 2,589,000 square metres of real estate have been built in Moscow since the start of the year, including 2,091,000 square metres under investment projects that make up over 80 percent of the total.

 

A total of 1,082,000 square metres of housing have been put into service in the past seven months. Some 970,000 square metres were built by investors.

Eight social facilities have been opened using extra-budgetary funds, and nine at the expense of the city. This has helped eliminate kindergarten and school waiting lists. One kindergarten, three schools for 4,025 pupils, three blocks of primary school forms for 950 pupils and 11 sports facilities are expected to be put into service before the end of the year.

The Moscow Government continues building medical institutions, such as the Morozovskaya Children’s Hospital, a new hospital in Kommunarka and innovation clinics in Skolkovo. It has also put into service about 10 million square metres of office and trade areas in the past few years.

New territories

This year Moscow will celebrate the fifth anniversary since the incorporation of the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas. The Moscow Government is actively developing these areas, building housing and social facilities and upgrading their transport infrastructure. This year it has put into operation over 549,000 square metres of real estate and is building 136 km of roads. It is paying special attention to road construction in these areas because they need additional links, crossovers and bridges.

Additional opportunities

This year the city has adopted an unprecedented relocation programme that included over 5,000 buildings.

 

Stroicomplex experts have already selected 323 sites with an area of 5.8 million square metres for the construction of new buildings. Every week they select several sites for this purpose. In the past week they picked up 20 construction sites. Another 72 sites are undergoing engineering studies.