The construction of two new parks – ZIL in the Southern Admi nistrative Areaof Moscow and the other close by to the Research Centre for Endocrinology in the southwestern part of the city – has got underway. The project is expected to expand the city’s green space to about 27 hectares. The new parks are on target to open by September.
“We’ve started creating both green spaces in the former industrial areas from scratch,” a spokesperson for the Department for Major Housing Repairs said. “ZIL Park will appear in the location which earlier accommodated production facilities and warehouses. We plan to create flower gardens, plant over 700 trees and about 3,000 shrubs and make a pond.”
A new park in the southwest of Moscow will be created in the area that formerly accommodated the facilities of the government-funded Zhilishchnik housing maintenance agency for the Akademichesky and Gagarinsky districts and were also used to house street-cleaning vehicles, garages and utility structures. The new park will dramatically change the scenery outside the windows of the neighbouring blocks of flats and the Centre for Endocrinology overlooking this area and it is expected to be visited by both city residents and patients from the centre.
All industrial and utility structures have already been removed from the territory of the future parks, the relief profiles of the surface have been created and work to bury utility pipes has started.
New park in the southwest of Moscow
A 16.5-hectare park will open in the Akademichesky District, occupying an area between Fersman Street, Dmitry Ulyanov Street and Prospekt 60-letiya Oktyabrya where the Centre for Endocrinology is located.
Since the area has a level problem, it was decided to divide it into two zones – an elevated part and a lower part – and use breast walls, some of which have already been put in place, to reinforce the steep slope which is two to three metres high where subsequently steps and ramps will be installed to make it more convenient for the public.
Work to lay outdoor lighting cables has already started. Next, the area will be paved with large paving stones covered with granite and work will begin to install soft rubber covering at sports grounds and playgrounds. Adjacent driveways will be repaved, kerbstones installed and parking spaces designed.
Today, some 2,800 trees and about 2,000 shrubs grow in the area; in the period between late October and early December the greenery will be replenished with over 170 trees and 5,000 shrubs will be planted.
Creating the park
“We want to create a park for both the patients of the Research Centre for Endocrinology, which has no enclosed recreation area of its own, and all city residents,” the spokesperson said. “Also, residents of the neighbouring blocks of flats will walk through the park to get to the shops, the kindergarten, the school and the research centre, which are located on the opposite side, while earlier they had to use bypasses round the area.”
Artificial hills one to three metres high will be created in the park so that people can enjoy walking between them along twisting paths. Also, lamps and architectural landscape lighting will be installed for those who choose to walk after darkness falls.
There will also be benches, rubbish bins, bike racks, children’s and sports equipment and navigation installations in the park.
The park’s walking area will have step-by-step garden paths made out of large polished stone panels on the lawns. The route will run through three summerhouses with benches along their sides. There will also be five pergolas with benches in the park.
Other plans include creating six playgrounds, two sports grounds for people seeking to stay fit and a special area for the patients of the Centre for Endocrinology where they can do therapeutic exercises.
A large area for sporting activities and games will be created near the school, complete with a football pitch and grand stands, a basketball pitch, a workout area and a running course.
A total of 76,000 square metres of lawns and over 2,000 square metres of flower gardens – places for quiet recreation – will be created in the park. Lawns will be created using mixtures of flowering perennials and grass, such as white clover, white camomile, bluebells, meadow grass, timothy and cocksfoot.
Plans are to plant 174 trees, including chestnuts, apples, maples, pines, firs and mountain ashes. All plants were chosen taking into account the local climate.
ZIL Park in the public art style
ZIL Park will be created in the northern part of the area that was occupied by the former Likhachyov Plant (ZIL), that is, between Lisitsky Street and Arkhitektor Leonidov Street. The green space will total ten hectares.
Industrial facilities like the plant’s machine shops and open-air warehouses have already been removed from the area, following which it was covered with new soil and the relief profile of the surface was created. Currently, workers are assembling the reinforced concrete foundation for a pond and making paths. These will be paved with granite paving stones. The park’s overall paved area will total some 14,000 square metres.
Work to bury utility pipes and build foundations for pavilions is in the final phase. Next, technological equipment for the pond – the pumping and treatment plants – will be assembled. At the same time, work will begin to assemble fabricated metals for pavilions and the park’s piece de resistance – a pergola, or a 1,300-metre long terrace covered with plants. The pergola will be made in the form of a conveyor belt to remind visitors of the area’s past, when freight vehicles were rolling off ZIL’s production line. The pergola will run along the park’s perimeter, inviting people to visit cafes, restaurants and hire stations where they can rent bikes, roller skates and other sports equipment. At some sections the pergola will have exits to its roof, so that visitors can climb above and get a view of the picturesque park.
After the metal framework is erected, the pergola will be sheathed in larch and the pavilions that will be installed on the terrace glazed.
ZIL Park’s design is based on the idea to create art in the public space. This is the city’s only green space that will replace industrial facilities.
The park will have 50,000 square metres of lawns. Lawns that do well in the shade and will not get trampled down will be made especially for the park’s sports grounds and a dog-walking site.
Over 100 lamps and 400 lights for architectural lighting will be installed at the park for people taking a walk after sunset.
The park will feature about 11,000 square metres of flower gardens with perennials.
There are plans to plant over 700 trees and 2,500 shrubs in late autumn. The former industrial area will be taken over by pines, Siberian larches, birches, poplars, limes, alders and red oaks. For more diversity, flowering and coniferous shrubs will be planted, including bearberries, low-growing shrubby juniper, cotoneaster dammeri, euonymus fortunei and ramanas roses.
A 3,000-square-metre pond will be made in the park. It will resemble a winding rivulet, with footpaths and bike routes running along it.
There will be benches, rubbish bins, bike racks and navigation installations in the park.
This year, it is planned to develop 86 green spaces, including 50 local parks, under the Urban Development Programme. This provides for building 208 sports grounds, 174 playgrounds and 40 stages for performances, creating about 290 quiet recreation areas, as well as planting some 18,500 trees and 216,000 shrubs, creating over 74,000 flower gardens, upgrading lawns, making paths and installing lighting.