The ZIL industrial zone is currently undergoing comprehensive redevelopment. “This huge and once decaying district is becoming an area of active economic and construction development. We are now building housing here and are completing a sport cluster; and roads, streets, parks and an embankment are also being built here,” Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said, while inspecting the massive redevelopment project at the former ZIL Likhachev Automotive Plant industrial area.
The final programme for developing the ZIL industrial zone was drafted with due consideration for nearby districts. “In effect, an average Russian city with a population of 77,000 will be built here. Instead of simply a residential area, this is, indeed, a comprehensive city where technology parks, offices, neighbourhoods, cultural centres and green areas will be created. This will become one of the best and most comprehensively developed territories in the city,” Mr Sobyanin added.
The former ZIL Automotive Plant is in the city’s Danilovsky District, and is bounded by Avtozavodskaya Street, Simonovskaya Embankment and Prospekt Andropova.
The Moscow General Planning Research and Development Institute designed the redevelopment concept together with the architectural bureau Meganom Project. Called ZIL Peninsula, this concept is to create a new city district with housing, social and public business facilities. For example, the Park of Legends sports and entertainment facility will be built here.
ZIL will receive modern transport infrastructure, and the area, including the Moskva River embankments, will be heavily landscaped. In all, 6.4 million square metres of buildings will be built here and in adjacent areas, including 4.7 million square metres in the ZIL area.
The city decided to move forward with this project in 2013, and construction was launched that same year.
To make ZIL’s residential and public areas more accessible, the city is building new streets and motorways with a total route length of over 30 kilometres.
The central motorway with an overpass spanning the Moscow Central Circle (MCC) railway will be the largest road structure. It will handle most traffic and will reduce congestion on the embankment and some local streets.
The innovative ZIL embankments with two bridges over the Novinki and Kozhukhovsky boat-yards will be located far away from the water-front. This will make it possible to establish high-quality public space with leisure areas and promenades near the river. The programme also includes rebuilding the Krutitskaya and Simonovskaya embankments linking the new district with central Moscow.
A pedestrian crossing with travolators will be built near the Tekhnopark metro station at Prospekt Andropova. This crossing will link the new district with the impressive new Dream Island Amusement Park in the Nagatinskaya flood-plain. There are also plans to build streets among residential buildings. Construction of the ZIL street system was launched in April 2016.
It is planned to complete the central 6.44-kilometre long motorway before the year is out. The new motorway will have the following sections:
— A 0.7-kilometre section from the Third Ring Road along the MCC (opened in May 2016)
— A 1.5-kilometre section between the ZIL transit hub and Tekhnopark metro station
— A 1.29-kilometre section between Tyufeleva Roshcha Street and the ZIL transit hub, including an overpass over the MCC (537 metres, with retaining walls)
— A 1.05-kilometre section between Simonovskaya Embankment and Tyufeleva Roshcha Street
—A 1.9-kilometre section between Tekhnopark metro station and Simonovskaya Embankment with exits onto Prospekt Andropova.
The city is building other roads near the ZIL transit hub and is rebuilding Simonovskaya Embankment.
Other roads and streets are still in the design stage, including future roads in the ZILART block (Bratyev Vesninykh Boulevard, Rodchenko Street and others).
Public transport and pedestrian friendly areas
Until 2015, the district had only one metro station, Avtozavodskaya. The new Tekhnopark station was opened in December 2015 and will serve as the basis for a large transit hub catering to ZIL’s residential buildings and public areas, as well as the unfinished Dream Island Amusement Park on the Nagatinskaya flood-plain. The transit hub will have underground and surface parking, pedestrian crossings at Prospekt Andropova, bus and tram stops. Over 18,000 people use Tekhnopark metro station daily, and that number will exceed 100,000 after the residential buildings and Dream Island open.
Passenger trains started running on the Moscow Central Circle (MCC) in the autumn of 2016. Two MCC stations, Avtozavodskaya and ZIL, are located in the former ZIL industrial zone and handle about 8,000 passengers daily (2,000 for ZIL and 6,000 for Avtozavodskaya); and passenger traffic is expected to increase soon.
The MCC’s ZIL transit hub includes surface pedestrian crossings with a passenger terminal, as well as surface transit stops. The facilities have an area of 3,100 square metres, and the single-level car park will hold 80 vehicles. A bus layby and access routes measuring about one kilometre have also been built. There are plans to build the second, western, passenger terminal at the ZIL transit hub by late 2020.
Park of Legends
The local Park of Legends will include the following:
— 70,000 square metre Ice Arena complex with large, small and training arenas. The large arena can hold 12,100 spectators. The Ice Arena is Russia’s best ice hockey stadium and also ranks among the best facilities like this worldwide. Opened in 2015, it hosted the 2016 IIHF World Championships;
— Ice Hockey Museum at the former ZIL administrative building, an architectural landmark, was opened in May 2016;
— 28,500 square metre Arena of Legends Aquatic Sport Centre featuring the Anastasia Davydova Olympic Synchronised Swimming Centre. The first stage was built in 2016;
— parking complex with offices and apartments. The multilevel car park that opened in April 2016 is located inside the stylobate section, and the office-hotel section is currently under construction;
— office complex and apartments for athletes and others;
— residential buildings with a kindergarten, a school and a boarding school for young athletes;
— self-contained power-generating centre with a rated capacity of 17.2 megawatt and a thermal capacity of over 30 megawatt.
ZILART housing development
The ZILART housing development, now being built in the former plant’s northern section, has an area of 65 hectares and contains 1.57 million square metres of facilities.
A major Russian development company that won a ZIL development tender is implementing this project.
“We are to complete the first four buildings this year,” said LSR Group Moscow Managing Director Ivan Romanov. The buildings are to receive their first tenants in the spring and summer of 2018.
“It is very good that the city will be able to complete the streets and social infrastructure before tenants move into this comfortable new neighbourhood,” Mr Romanov said.
Yury Grigoryan’s Project Meganom studio designed the urban development concept based on a unity of five spaces: living, leisure, nature, knowledge and centres of attraction. Reputable Russian and foreign architectural firms will design the various buildings.
Bratyev Vesninykh Boulevard, a pedestrian street, will be the central section of the ZILART residential development. All the main public buildings, including the concert hall, the Hermitage-Moscow Museum, a theatre, a hotel and shopping malls integrated with residential buildings will be located along the boulevard.
Pedestrian embankments with waterfront access will be built along the Moskva River. A large ten-hectare park will be an important recreational zone in the new district. A New York-based urban design and landscape architecture firm headed by Jerry Van Eyck designed the concept and presented it to Moscow.
The park will feature an artificial lake and a large, 1.3-kilometre long, pergola (shaded walkway) with cafés and pavilions. The park will receive a playground, tennis courts, a versatile sport field for games and a street workout facility. There are plans to plant 736 trees and over 2,700 shrubs in the new park. The city is to launch this project in June 2017.
The ZILART housing development and nearby areas will provide general access for people with disabilities, including entrances to residential and public buildings that will be flush with the pavements (sidewalks). And ramps will be installed at elevated sections. Special tactile pavers will be located on pavements near pedestrian crossings.
Most vehicles will be stored at underground car parks under the courtyards-for-people concept.
There are plans to shut down the ZIL thermal power station to improve the local environment. The ZILART housing development and other facilities are to receive heating and electricity from thermal power stations and substations in other districts.
The housing development is to receive the following facilities:
— 29 medium-rise and high-rise buildings; flats will have a total area of 760,000 square metres. Retail outlets and service centres on their main floors;
— retail outlets and offices with an area of 217,000 square metres;
— underground parking for 11,000 vehicles in residential buildings;
— ten kindergartens;
— a school for 825 children and an education complex for 2,500 students;
— an outpatient clinic for children and adults and a medical centre;
— an educational centre for children;
— a shopping mall and two department stores;
— two theatres, a museum centre and a concert hall;
— a sporting ground;
— a hotel;
— a fire station.
ZILART housing facilities are being built under an investment contract, with the exception of a fire station, an outpatient clinic and an education centre for children that are being financed by the city.
The four-stage project is to be completed by 2024. Several residential buildings are currently under construction. Of this number, four buildings, with an area of 204,000 square metres, are to be completed in late 2017.
Future tenants can already buy flats in the unfinished residential buildings under Federal Law No. 214-FZ for Participatory Housing Construction.
Apart from building the ZILART housing development, the Park of Legends sport and entertainment facility and the transit hub, the city will implement several other major urban development projects at the redeveloped ZIL industrial area and nearby areas:
— new residential area in the ZIL’s southern section;
— Dream Island Amusement Park;
— Torpedo Stadium area redevelopment;
— major urban technology park.