Flowers are a major decoration in the city in summer. Parterres and flowerbeds can be seen in parks, public gardens, squares, streets and courtyards. Flowers are planted in all sorts of pots and tubs and are situated along pedestrian routes and roads. This year, the city has over 54 million flower seedlings for planting. Mos.ru is a good source for anybody who wants to know which plants will be used to decorate the city, who grows them and where to go to see the most spectacular parterres.
Who designs flowerbeds in the city and how
According to Deputy Head of Avtomobilnyye Dorogi, a government-funded road maintenance agency, Svetlana Yegorova, the city has already started planting spring flowers.
“The city started planting spring flowers – violas – just yesterday,” Yegorova said. “Tulips were planted last autumn and will soon blossom. This year, we plan to plant some 10.5 million flowers at the agency’s 225 facilities, including eight million annual and perennial flowers along with 2.5 million bulbous flowers.”
In addition, cannas, tuberous begonias, zonal pelargoniums and gillyflowers will be planted for the first time, Yegorova said. According to her, some 22,000 tuberous begonias and cinerarias will be planted in the public garden outside the Bolshoi Theatre this summer. Currently, planting is underway at VDNKh and the Leningradskoye and Rublyovskoye motorways and in some other areas of the city.
The agency is responsible for public gardens, parks and parterres along the city’s main thoroughfares.
The agency staffers are involved in flower arrangement in the following locations:
— Ilyinsky Public Garden;
— the public garden outside the Bolshoi Theatre;
— Lubyansky Public Garden;
— Manezh Shopping and Entertainment Complex;
— Kutuzovsky Prospekt;
— Triumphal Arch;
— Leninsky Prospekt;
— the public garden on Sukharevskaya Square;
— the public garden on Ulitsa 1905 Goda Street;
— Pushkinsky Public Garden;
— Novopushkinsky Public Garden.
Each parterre has its own so-called passport, on the basis of which its array of flowers will be planted after the seedlings are chosen from a nursery. The design of flowerbeds is developed in keeping with the parterre’s artistic flower-arranging concept and these layouts across the city are coordinated with the Committee for Architecture and Urban Development.
Earlier, the city largely planted annual, biennial and bulbous flowers, which are eye-catching and attractive. Planting these types of flowers also allows gardeners to change the appearance of flowerbeds. For example, in spring, tulips, crocuses and violas may be used for decoration while in summer they can be replaced with petunias, marigolds (Tagetes) and begonias.
However, as it turned out, planting only annual flowers in the city’s parterres did not make much economic sense, so the decision was taken to start adding perennial plants. Planting perennials means there is no need to frequently transplant these flowers or scatter decorative chippings after they wither in autumn, while flowerbeds with these flowers will fit the uniform decoration style developed for the city. Last year, people supported the decision to increase the number of perennial plants by voicing their opinions on the active citizen website .
The city’s plans for this summer include extending the area allocated for planting perennial flowers by 40 percent. The overall number of these flowers will double as compared to last year, reaching 616,500.
Who grows seedlings
Since 2016, the government-funded agency, Ozeleneniye [Landscaping], has been in charge of growing and supplying seedlings to the city under a public contract.
This year, the agency has prepared over 54 million flower seedlings, including over 36 million annual flowers, over 5 million biennial flowers, some 353,000 perennial plants and 12,500 bulbous flowers.
The city’s flamboyant colours: Which flowers will decorate Moscow and when
Flower arranging in the city starts with the advent of warm settled weather.
During the first stage, last year’s decorative chippings are removed from the parterres and the ground is cultivated. Next, specialists proceed to redevelop and create parterres and only after this work is finished can specialists start planting flowers.
Ahead of the May holidays, some 5 million plus violas will be planted in Moscow. Multi-colour biennial flowers will cover flowerbeds of over 74,700 square metres.
In late May and early June, parterres will be decorated with marigolds, begonias, petunias, cinerarias, kochias and balsamines. Cannas, zonal pelargoniums, caudiferous amaranths and gillyflowers will be planted for the first time in Moscow.
The planting of perennial plants – roses, hostas, astilbe flowers, irises, peonies and Hemerocallis species – is scheduled for July and August.
In September and October, tulips will be planted to flower the next spring.
How to look after flowers
Looking after the flowers is a complicated process, one that requires the knowledge and experience of an experienced veteran.
When weather conditions are normal, plants are watered about 150 times during the season. This is done in the morning (before 10 am) or after 5 pm. In hot and dry weather, plants are watered more frequently and wilted plants are replaced with new ones.
During the flowering of the perennial plants, the soil is moldered and weeded throughout constantly. For the winter, all sprouts and leaves on perennial plants are cut off at six to 12 centimetres above the ground, while bulbous flowers are covered with decorative chippings 15 to 30 centimetres thick.
Flower Clock and “Leonardo da Vinci”: What to be seen around the city’s landmarks
On 1 May, Moscow’s only Flower Clock will start showing time in Park Pobedy at Poklonnaya Gora. For this purpose, landscaping specialists will plant over 12,000 blue, white and yellow violas, which later will be replaced with over 17,000 pink, white and red begonias.
The clock dial made of natural flowers and a flowerbed in the form of the word Moskva have been decorating Poklonnaya Gora since July 2001. After they started showing time for the first time, the clock was entered in the Russian Guinness Book of Records as the world’s largest. The letters in the Moskva Flowerbed are, on average, about 6.9 metres tall and the clock dial is 11 metres in diametre.
A rosary with 6,200 rose bushes, featuring a rose variety that has been named after Leonardo da Vinci, will be created at Luzhniki. A blooming rose carpet will appear around the eight renovated fountains on the central square in the spring of 2018.
Moscow’s and Russia’s largest parterre is located on Kutuzovsky Prospekt close to the Triumphal Arch, covering some 5,900 square metres. Plans are to plant 378,000 violas in spring and 470,000 annual flowers, including marigolds, begonias and ageratum, in summer. Also this summer, more than 22,000 begonias and cinerarias will be planted in the public garden outside the Bolshoi Theatre.
In May, over 120 varieties of perennial plants will be planted in Zaryadye Park.
Arctic raspberries, tufted saxifrage flowers and alpine mouse-ears, the world’s northernmost flowers, will be planted in the park’s northern landscape zone.
Lilies-of-the-valley, sweet violets, wood crane’s-bills [Geranium sylvaticum], antennaria, bluebells and primroses will grow in the forest zone. Siberian irises will be planted near the ponds, while the ponds will feature snow-white water lilies, yellow candocks and swamp sweet flags. Flax, Russian knapweeds, woodland sages, fern leave peonies and Bieberstein tulips will grow in the steppe zone.