The Moscow Committee of Architecture and Urban Planning (Moskomarkhitectura) has greenlighted the design of an ice cave at the new Zaryadye Park. The 220 square-metre artificial ice will be located in a pavilion in the park’s northern section. There will be several tunnels inside with arches and columns. Every surface in the cave will be covered with rime and ice, which will be lit up by LEDs. Inner temperatures will be kept within the minus 5 to minus 12 degree Celsius range.
“In terms of the interior, the cave will be similar to a natural site, but it will still be not an imitation only. Visitors will see that the Zaryadye ice cave is a complex architectural site with its own artistic presence,” Moscow Chief Architect Sergei Kuznetsov said.
The temperatures will be kept low using the same technology as refrigerated rooms or ice rinks. Mechanisms will be installed underneath the cave to feed cold air and reagents into special durable tubes that will branch through the structure at the same time for consistent and balanced cooling.
The cave is expected to be a venue for guided tours that will focus on the hard life of polar explorers, and the plant and animal life in the Arctic and Antarctic.
Visitors will be given special Papanin-style coveralls to keep warm. These are warm coveralls that in Russian are named after famous Arctic explorer Ivan Papanin.
A large media screen will be installed outside the cave that will show non-stop documentaries about ice.
Zaryadye Park is being built on the site of the old, now demolished, Rossiya Hotel. The park will be divided into four of the country’s natural climate zones including flood-plain, Arctic landscape, forest and steppe.
According to estimates, the park will be visited by nearly 10 million people annually.
Zaryadye Park will connect the pedestrian and tourist routes from Varvarka Street and the Bolshoi Moskvoretsky Bridge to Vorobyovy Gory. It is expected to open in 2017 to mark the 870th anniversary of Moscow. A philharmonic hall will open its doors at the park in 2018.