The renovations of two section on the Moscow Ring Road, or MKAD, will begin this year, Head of the Moscow Department of Construction Andrei Bochkaryov said.
“One goes from Kashirskoye Motorway to Varshavskoye Motorway and includes the interchange at Lipetskaya Street. The other is from Verkhniye Polya Street to the Besedinsky Bridge over the Moscow River with the interchange at Verkhniye Polya Street,” he said.
According to Bochkaryov, the project is now under development. “The related Moscow Targeted Programme covers design and renovation costs,” Bochkaryov said.
The Kashirskoye Motorway−Varshavskoye Motorway section will see the improvement of four kilometres of roads, and the construction of three tunnels, plus additional exit ramps. Existing ramps, which are part of the MKAD interchange with Lipetskaya Street and Vostryakovsky Proyezd, will be updated.
On the second section, interchanges will be built at Verkhniye Polya Street and Kapotnya Street. There will be new exit ramps leading to the Mega Belaya Dacha retail centre and the Sadovod market, plus additional exit ramps and service roads. Pedestrian overpasses will be built over Verkhniye Polya Street at the MKAD’s 14th kilometre and outside the Sadovod market.
In only five years the city has rebuilt 13 major interchanges on the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD). One more is to be launched later this year at Profsoyuznaya Street. As areas close to MKAD are developed, more interchanges will be upgraded. The development of Skolkovo, in particular, will require the renovation of the MKAD−Generala Dorokhova Street interchange.
The older cloverleaf interchanges are major bottlenecks on the Moscow Ring Road. They have a propensity for gridlock because exiting traffic interweaves with traffic merging onto the MKAD. Thus, the first stage of renovation concerned the replacement of cloverleaf interchanges with directional exit ramps or flyovers and tunnels that are better suited for congested traffic. The upgrade leads to an immediate increase of 25 to 30 percent in traffic capacity.
The second stage is the planning design for separate road sections. Under these projects, acceleration lanes will be constructed, roads will be expanded, and interchanges will be renovated where major streets intersect smaller ones.