The spring planting of flowers, berries and perennial herbs will begin in Zaryadye in May. Overall, more than120 species of perennials will be planted. This will include lilies of the valley, catsfoot and Siberian irises.
The press service of Mosinzhproyekt, the managing company of the Zaryadye project, said that all the plants were chosen with regard to the natural conditions of the park’s four landscape zones: these are a northern landscape, a forest, a flood meadow and a steppe. It is almost impossible to see all these plants and herbs in one place in the wild.
For instance, in the northern zone there will be three carex species: Carex capillaris, capitate sedge and swamp sedge - mos.ru), arctic raspberry, tufted alpine saxifrage, mountain avens and alpine mouse-ear, the world’s northernmost flower.
In the forest zone, lilies of the valley will be planted, as well as sweet violets, wood cranesbills and the Siberian squill, a blue plant which flowers early. In the forest’s coniferous tree area there will be wildflowers: the catsfoot (its flowers remind one of a cat’s paw – mos.ru), peach-leaved bellflowers and spring primulas. In the forest part that borders water, Siberian irises will be planted. In the ponds of the park there will be perennial water plants: white water lilies, candocks, sweet flags, sedges and bulrushes.
For the flood meadow selected were various herbs and wild grass plants, among them the meadow fescue and foxtail grass, purple moor-grass and reeds. Flowers will be represented by two bellflower species (spreading bellflower and clustered bellflower), two trefoil species (white clover and acutiflorous clover), and three Centaurea species: the brown knapweed, wig knapweed and greater knapweed).
In the steppe zone, there will be flax, Russian knapweed, woodland sage, fern leaf peony and Bieberstein tulips.
The spring planting of large deciduous trees and shrubs will begin in April. Four hundred more trees will join the existing 250 pines, firs and birches. Oak and linden trees, rowans, apple trees, Norway maples and silver maples, and bird cherries will be planted.
The development of green zones in the park will be completed by August this year. Zaryadye will have over 600 trees and 8,000 shrubs.
Zaryadye Landscape Park is being built on the site of the former Rossiya Hotel. Four Russian typical landscape zones will form terraces that will stretch from Varvarka Street to the Moskva River. According to preliminary estimates, the park will have up to 12 mln visitors per year.
Zaryadye will connect pedestrian and tourist routes in the centre: from Varvarka Street and Bolshoi Moskvoretsky Bridge to Vorobyovy Gory.
The park will be opened this year to mark the 870th anniversary of Moscow. In 2018, a philharmonic hall will open there.