An automated train will begin servicing the Kalininskaya Line of the Moscow Metro in May 2017. An experienced operator will still be present to watch over the train’s movement and all its systems. Three more automated trains are already in service on the Circle Line.
“The automated mode does not mean the train is driverless,” the Moscow Metro press service said. “The machine performs the main controlling functions, but a driver is still present.”
Operators will make sure the track is clear and manage passenger entry and exit, door operation, and starting. They will assume full command of the train in case of emergency. All of this ensures transport safety.
The Moscow Metro press service also revealed how the automated system works.
The train uses special radio tags to read the data relevant to its movement, location and distance from other trains. The radio tags are small devices with an antenna that are placed along the entire track. The automated train operation system has a database, which is updated with the route, tunnel, speed limits and schedule information before the train leaves the depot.
The automated train on the Kalininskaya Line will be an Oka (81-760/761). The automated operation system was tested in this train model in 2015. It was developed by the Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design which used the test to collect the necessary data so that the train would enter service with an updated system.
“The pilot service period will show whether the system needs further testing or the software can be installed on other 760-series trains,” the Moscow Metro press service said.
The Circle Line is serviced by Rusich-model (81-740.4/741.4) automated trains.