On the second to last day of the outgoing year, 30 December, three new metro stations were put into technical operation: Minskaya, Lomonosovsky Prospekt and Ramenki. They are located on the new section of the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line, which was extended from the Park Pobedy station. The new stations will be opened for passengers shortly.
The opening of these stations will allow residents of the following six districts to travel to the city centre more quickly: the Ramenki, Prospekt Vernadskogo, Ochakovo-Matveyevskoye, Dorogomilovsky, Lomonosovky and Gagarinsky districts – about 600,000 people in all. Almost 300,000 Muscovites will be able to walk to the metro.
The Lomonosovsky Prospekt station will ease the load on Lomonosovsky Prospekt and Michurinsky Prospekt, while students of Moscow State University will receive another metro station in the direct vicinity of the university. The appearance of the alternative route to the centre will ease the burden on the southwestern section of the Sokolnicheskaya Line. In addition, the new stations will allow residents of the western, southwestern and central districts of Moscow to travel quickly and without transfers.
Plans and projects
The station, with the working name “Lomonosovsky Prospekt”, at the intersection of the road of the same name with Michurinsky Prospekt, was part of the Solntsevskaya Line project in the early 1990s. It was present in both versions of the project: as an extension of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line from the Park Pobedy station to Solntsevo and as part of the Mytishchi-Solntsevo speed line.
Under the plan, one more station – Mosfilmovskaya – was supposed to be opened for residents of northern districts at the intersection of Mosfilmofskaya Street with Universitetsky Prospekt.
Work on the western section of the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line is being conducted in stages. The Delovoi Tsentr-Park Pobedy section was launched in early 2014. The second stage – from Park Pobedy to Ramenki (7.25 km) – was practically completed in 2016. The third stage – from Ramenki to Rasskazovka – is now under construction. The fourth stage – the Delovoi Tsentr-Tretyakovskaya section – is planned for the future as an extension of the Kalininskaya Line.
Oak groves and combat hardware
Where will the new stations appear and what will they look like? The Minskaya station is located under the street of the same name near the Memorial Mosque between Park Pobedy and Matveyevsky Forest, the exit to Starovolynskaya Street and the Kiev Railway. This is a subsurface station and was mostly built by the cut-and-cover method.
The 190 metre-wide island platform is divided in the middle by a line of columns. Passengers can get from the vestibule to the platform via wide staircases, while people with disabilities and parents with prams can use two lifts. The surface part of the station consists of rectangular blocks of different sizes with inclined walls and a flat roof. The roof is covered with aluminium and is slightly inclined towards the traffic area. It has floor-to-ceiling windows instead of walls. The façade is covered with two colours of glazed tiles: grey and terra cotta.
The architectural concept of the Minskaya station is dedicated to the combat hardware of the nearby Museum of the Great Patriotic War. Its vestibules and the platform’s columns depict elements of one of the unique displays of railway troops: the long-range cannon of the Krasnaya Gorka Fort in Kronstadt. Some panels show the figures 41–45 in red.
To decorate the interior, builders used granite, glazed metallic ceramic panels and glass panels from heat-treated triplex, stainless steel and aluminium. Light and dark grey colours with red inserts and panels on the wall prevail in the design of the vestibule. The ceiling features a composition consisting of geometrical figures.
The Lomonosovsky Prospekt subsurface station is located at the crossing of the Michurinsky Prospekt and Lomonosovsky Prospekt. It has two vestibules at the end of the station and exits via underground zebra crossings to both sides of the avenues. Graphic elements – intersecting rows of figures – decorate the interior. They are associated with the nearby university and the scientific activities of Mikhail Lomonosov.
The Ramenki station is located at the junction of Vinnitskaya Street with Michurinsky Prospekt. Passengers can exit the metro on both sides of Michurinsky Prospekt and walk to the residential district of Ramenki and public transport stops. Both vestibules are linked with the platform, escalators and lifts for people with disabilities. The station’s interior is nature-themed. Silhouettes of trees will remind passengers of the oak groves that used to grow in this place.
In all, 101 km of new lines, 55 new stations and the Moscow Central Ring were built in the city in 2016. Up to 35,000–37,000 people are simultaneously working at over 30 new stations. More than 120 km of lines and over 50 stations are currently under construction.
Unprecedented rates of underground construction have put Moscow alongside other metropolitan areas that are actively building their metro.
The London Tube
The well-known word “metropolitan” comes from the name of the company that built the first line of the London metro: Metropolitan Railway. The Brits simply call their metro The Tube. The history of underground transport started in London. The first trains appeared there on 9 January 1863. Now the London Tube is one of the largest in the world. It has a circle line with links to major railway hubs and some radial lines. This metro is considered the most expensive. At the same time, trains there often run with delays, and with intervals of 10 minutes. Moreover, the London Tube is far from being the world’s fastest: trains travel at an average speed of 45 km per hour. Currently it has 270 stations and carries 1.2 billion people a year.
The 2008 Olympic Games gave an impetus to the rapid development of the metro in the Chinese capital Beijing. The construction of the metro was launched back in 1965, when Chinese workers were helped by Soviet engineers and designers. At first, the metro was only used by military servicemembers. It became a full-fledged form of public transport only in 1976. The metro was expanded in 2008. In early 2006 it had only 114 lines, but by 2012 it had grown by four times. The city’s authorities intend to continue its construction and plan to open 1,050 km of new lines by 2020. Today 221 stations of the Beijing metro cover practically the entire city, and some stations are located in the suburbs. Trains arrive about every three minutes. In a year, the metro carries about 2.2 billion passengers.