The city has embarked on ambitious construction projects over the past few years, and the pace will continue, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said, while inspecting an unfinished section of the Southern Expressway between the Balaklavsky and Proletarsky prospekts.
“In his state-of-the-nation address, the President noted the need to build roads in cities and communities, and he cited road projects in Moscow and St Petersburg. Indeed, Moscow, the Federal Road Agency (Rosavtodor) and our Moscow Region colleagues have been implementing large construction projects in the city and at the Moscow transport hub over the past few years. Including 2016, which is almost over, the city is on pace for about 500 kilometres of new or rebuilt roads, 160 road structures and almost as many pedestrian underpasses and overpasses. Moscow has never built at such a pace before. We’ve built or rebuilt over 10 percent of the city’s road and street network,” Mr. Sobyanin said.
Over 350 kilometres of other roads and streets, plus 70 more road engineering structures, are scheduled to be built in the next three years, he added. “We are talking about major projects like the Southern Expressway where we are now, the North-West Expressway, North-East Expressway, the upgrading of Kaluzhskoye Motorway and a link connecting the Kaluzhskoye and Kievskoye motorways in New Moscow. A lot of construction will continue. All these projects are being implemented in areas with the most difficult transport situation posting the greatest congestion levels and most problems,” Mr Sobyanin said.
New lateral city route
The Southern Expressway will become one of the city’s three lateral routes, together with the North-West and North-East Expressways, all of which will improve the transport situation in the central parts of Moscow.
These roads will reduce excessive traffic congestion in central Moscow, on the Third Ring Road and the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD). Drivers will have shorter, more convenient and faster routes.
For example, the Southern Expressway will link the city’s western, southwestern, southern and southeastern districts, that is, between Rublyovo and Kapotnya.
This expressway will start from an interchange at the MKAD and Rublyovo-Uspenskoye Motorway and will run past existing streets, including Rublyovskoye and Aminyevskoye motorways, Lobachevskogo and Obrucheva Streets and Balaklavsky Prospekt, eventually reaching Varshavskoye Motorway. After that, it will be extended towards Proletarsky Prospekt and the MKAD again. This last section will be created by upgrading and linking Kantemirovskaya and Borisovskiye Prudy streets.
Reconstruction of the Rublyovskoye Motorway-Balaklavsky Prospekt section, including two large overpasses, that is, along the main route from the Marshala Timoshenko Street-Osenny Boulevard intersection, towards Akademika Pavlova Street and the Michurinsky Prospekt-Lobachevskogo Street intersection, became the first stage of the Southern Expressway project, built in 2011-2013.
In 2015, the city moved to build a new expressway section between Varshavskoye Motorway and Proletarsky Prospekt. The new 2.4-kilometre road, with three lanes in each direction, will pass via industrial zones and will be far from residential areas.
“We have been working on the Southern Expressway since October 2015, we are building it 24 hours a day, and we are performing only quiet work at night,” said Farit Khaidarov, Director of the Moscow Engineering-Construction Company.
Apart from the road’s carriageway, there are plans to build a 790-metre overpass spanning Varshavskoye Motorway, a 57-metre elevated railway along the Pavelets Line of the Moscow Railway, as well as 2.8 kilometres of side streets, exit ramps and U-turn loops.
There are plans to complete the Varshavskoye Motorway overpass in 2017, Mr. Khaidarov noted.
A car park is to be established near the Varshavskoye Motorway interchange. A ground-level pedestrian crossing will be installed near 58 Kantemirovskaya Street, and a pedestrian underpass will be built at the Kotlyakovsky Pereulok-Kantemirovskaya Street intersection.
Residential buildings overlooking the new Varshavskoye Motorway overpass will receive 1,836 new double-pane windows.
The new route’s carriageway between Varshavskoye Motorway and Proletarsky Prospekt is 85 percent ready. Work is underway to build pedestrian crossings, the above overpass and other road structures. Construction of the elevated railway is to begin next year, lasting until 2018.
Road construction in Moscow
From 2011 through 2016, the city has opened over 500 kilometres of new roads, including 162 road engineering structures, such as overpasses, underpasses and bridges, as well as 159 ground-level pedestrian crossings, pedestrian underpasses and overpasses.
In 2016, the city built 101.7 kilometres of roads, 44 road engineering structures and 19 pedestrian crossings, including the following vital facilities:
A carriageway overpass spanning Lipetskaya Street
Sections of the upgraded Kaluzhskoye Motorway
A North-West Expressway section with a bi-level underpass on Narodnogo Opolcheniya Street
A North-West Expressway section: a carriageway overpass spanning Ryabinovaya Street at an intersection of Generala Dorokhova Street
An overpass spanning the 41st kilometre of Leningradskoye Motorway
A carriageway overpass spanning Volgogradsky Prospekt at the intersection of Volzhsky Boulevard
A carriageway overpass spanning Shchyolkovskoye Motorway at the intersection of 9th Parkovaya Street
A pedestrian crossing near Lomonosov Moscow State University
The Volokolamsky viaduct
A section of the North-East Expressway between the Izmailovskoye and Shchyolkovskoye motorways
The MKAD-Kashirskoye Motorway interchange
The city will open over 350 kilometres of roads and build 73 road engineering structures and 42 pedestrian crossings in the next three years.
In the short-term, the city will focus on sections of the North-West and North-East Expressways and the Southern Expressway, reconstruction of MKAD sections, roads in the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas and in new city districts at former industrial zones (such as ZIL and others), plus, Moskva River new embankments and overpasses spanning local railway lines.