The second day of the BRICS+ City Lab II colloquium on the adaptive and reformative management of metropolitan cities concluded in Moscow. During the roundtable on the use of technologies and information in adaptive management, Moscow shared its experience in the implementation of the smart city concept. Speakers talked about the Unified Medical Information Analysis System (UMIAS), the state services portal, the Active Citizen and Our City online services, the smart transport system and e-schools.
The rational governance of the city is based on three important things. The first one is strategic planning, which has become possible due to the collection and processing of big data. Second, continuous development in all areas: urban planning, the economy, transport and others. And finally, there is the involvement of residents in city governance, for instance, via mobile services.
BRICS speakers shared their experiences in introducing technologies in city management and discussed the ways it changed the city environment and relations between residents and the government.
Another roundtable was dedicated to large urban agglomerations. Speakers talked about approaches to governing such large areas and the need to take their specific features into account. For instance, the Gauteng municipality in South Africa is an association of large cities within large agglomerations. Therefore, the interaction between city authorities and regional governments is quite complex.
Participants in the discussion also spoke about the means of managing urban development in metropolitan cities, in particular, the ways to assess the effectiveness of urban development policy.
Participants said that BRICS metropolitan cities have similar problems but utilise different ways to solve them. Their solutions are related to the uniqueness of the cities. Ivan Turok from the Human Sciences Research Council (South Africa) said that today’s discussion showed that people who deal with city development are enthusiastic and ready to take on the challenge. Many politicians, including members of the Moscow Government, have very creative ideas.
The colloquium gathered members of BRICS City Lab, an international research community of experts and representatives of BRICS governments. The event is taking place on 7-9 December at the Moscow State University of Management under the Moscow Government.
The BRICS City Lab is engaged in boosting city labs that are searching for or developing solutions to current urban problems, as well as in expanding cooperation between the largest cities of BRICS and of other middle income countries (BRICS+).