In 2016, 106 cultural heritage sites were included on the single state registry, while last year only 11 historical buildings made it to the list, said Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage Alexei Yemelyanov reporting on his department’s performance in 2016 at a meeting of the Moscow State Duma Commission for Culture and Mass Media.
Mr Yemelyanov said that in 2016, new additions to the registry included the Nikolayevskaya Railway circular depot, the Myasnitsky Hospital buildings – a division of the unskilled workers’ hospital – in Ogorodnaya Sloboda Pereulok, Alekseyev’s city estate in Leontyevsky Pereulok and a residential house dating back to the late 18th century in Chistoprudny Boulevard, and other buildings.
According to Mr Yemelyanov, in 2016 his department recognised 97 cultural heritage sites in the city as culturally significant, including the Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute of 1924–1930, a kindergarten building featuring sculptures in Marshala Vasilevskogo Street, which is commonly referred to as a kindergarten with elephants, and the Second Moscow City Public College in Bolshaya Yakimanka Street.
In all, over 7,500 cultural heritage sites have been registered in Moscow by now, including 2,792 federal cultural heritage sites, 2,692 regional sites and 2,023 sites that are recognised as culturally significant.
Mr Yemelyanov said that 250 cultural heritage sites in Moscow were in the state of disrepair. Of this number, the restoration of 10 sites will be funded by private investors under the One Rouble per One Square Metre Programme, 14 to be funded under a state programme, Culture in Moscow, and 11 are being restored by the leaseholders of these buildings. “In 2016, private investors funded restoration work at 149 cultural heritage sites, the restoration of 136 sites was funded from the city’s budget and that of 93 sites from federal executive bodies’ budgets,” Yemelyanov reported. “We can see that the proportion of private investment in the preservation of the city’s historical heritage is increasing.” Plans for 2017 include restoration of 355 sites, including 143 sites that will be restored using extra-budgetary investment.
The most important historical sites that were restored in 2016 are the building of a women’s commercial college with a church built in honour of the icon of the Mother of God “The Seeking for the Lost”, which currently houses the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; the mansion of the Zimin family in Degtyarny Pereulok; the engine-press house in Tryokhprudny Pereulok, which was run by Levenson Partnership; and the Kievsky Railway Station building.
Cultural heritage sites earmarked for repairs and restoration in 2017 include the building of the former Coliseum Cinema, Hermitage restaurant in Neglinnaya Street, the city estate of Maltseva and Petrov in Bolshaya Ordynka Street and the 17th-century chambers in Prechistenka Street and other sites.
Mr Yemelyanov also said that 2016 had been full of pleasant surprises for those studying the history of Moscow. Thanks to landscaping projects carried out in the city, including in central Moscow, specialists have found over 6,500 archaeological artefacts. Everyone who is interested can see where and when the historical artefacts were found and view their description and photographs using the archaeological finds map posted on the open data website.