Moscow is among the leaders in enhancing energy efficiency and developing energy networks on a par with Singapore, Shanghai, Verona and Amsterdam. “Moscow has recently been in the lead in this respect. It has substantially reduced its energy use as a ratio of gross regional product and its energy consumption per unit of production,” said Energy Minister Alexander Novak at the Fifth International ENES 2016 Forum on Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving that opened in Gostiny Dvor on 23 November.
Since 2010 Moscow has reduced the consumption of all energy resources. “We cut energy consumption from 30 billion to 24 billion cubic metres of gas. This is the amount of gas consumed by Ireland or Slovakia,” said Deputy Mayor for Housing, Utilities and Amenities Pyotr Biryukov.
Moscow has shut down 28 thermal stations that are now in reserve but can be switched on any time. “Today the capacity of the city’s thermal system is twice as large as consumption, although the city is growing and developing. It builds up to nine million square metres of new real estate per year,” Mr Biryukov said.
Moscow’s thermal networks are renewed by 2.5 percent a year. The national average for their wear and tear is about five percent. The city’s energy supplies have become much more reliable. “We haven’t had a single major accident at our thermal networks since 2010,” Mr Biryukov said.
Owing to higher energy efficiency and innovative technology engineers have substantially simplified the process of connecting to energy networks. Moscow’s major electric grid companies have made this procedure easy and inexpensive, which improved the investment climate. “In the past three years Russia has risen in the Doing Business rating from 188th to 30th place. Moscow and St Petersburg, as well as the Moscow and Leningrad regions are obvious leaders in this respect. They have made a big leap forward by reducing the number of stages in connecting to networks from ten to three. This process has become quicker and less expensive,” Mr Novak said.
Public lighting has also been part of the energy modernisation efforts. Today about 2,000 buildings in the city have architectural lighting. Mr Biryukov added: ‘”The city hosts the Christmas Light Festival. French and Italian companies come here and help us introduce advanced technology in festive lighting.”
Moscow’s successes were discussed at the plenary session entitled “Towards sustainable development and innovations by joint efforts of leading cities,” one of the major events at the ENES 2016 Forum.