Novy Arbat has been decorated with its first elms. On the night of Wednesday, 16 November, the first eight New Horizon Resista elms were planted on the street’s odd-numbered side starting at building 21. These large trees stand over five metres high, with a diameter of up to 45 centimetres. They are 20-25 years old, which is still youth for elms.
The name “resista” (Latin “resistentia” – resistance, endurance, sustainability – editor’s note) suggests that the tree species is highly resistant to the negative impact of the urban environment, including that of exhaust.
New Horizon Resista elms require neither special climate conditions nor specific soil quality. Their trunks and branches are strong and durable, withstanding both snow loads and winter winds. Such elms were originally cultivated for the purpose of urban landscaping. They grow fast and provide extensive shade during the summer heat, and their foliage helps keep the air clean.
Even though the elms are very durable, the same protection measures are applied to them after planting as to other new city trees. Their trunks are wrapped with cane cloth, and wood chips are sprinkled around the base of the trees to protect the roots. The trees do not fear the first freezing temperatures, snowfalls or rain. They can easily endure planting even when the temperature is minus 10 degrees Celsius. Late autumn has been chosen for the planting as by that time, vegetation – the process of growth and development – is complete. The contractor bears responsibility for the elms’ viability. A tree is a living organism. Some may not survive.
In urban conditions, trees’ mortality rate is 10 percent. If the elms die, they will be replaced with new ones at the contractor’s expense. The contractor will constantly monitor the trees’ condition. Specialists will shake off frozen snow, including from the tree tops, add soil to the pits and hoe, and remove weeds from time to time. The trees will be constantly examined to timely reveal vermin and disease and take protective measures. Specialists will trim the crowns and remove dry branches in line with the schedule.
Over a hundred elms will line Novy Arbat after the landscaping is complete. In all, the street will get more than 180 trees, including oaks, pines, larches, maples and rowans.
The work will be conducted at night, from 12 am to 6 am. Traffic on the street will not be blocked completely, but may be partially restricted on some sections.
This week, planting preparations continued on Taganskaya Street, and at entrances to the city from Yaroslavskoye, Kashirskoye and Leningradskoye motorways. More large trees will appear on the Garden Ring and at the intersections of Mozhaiskoye and Rublyovskoye motorways with the Moscow Ring Road (MKAD). Traffic on some parts of the roads may temporarily be limited during night hours depending on the work under way.
This autumn new trees will be seen at the intersections of the MKAD and seven motorways and on 34 streets in Moscow’s centre. Tverskaya Street already features limes, and the Garden Ring – maples, limes, rowans and other plants. This is the final stage of the improvement efforts under the 2016 My Street programme.
Details on how the trees are planted, prepared for life in the city and protected in winter are posted on the mos.ru website.