Certificates and mutual assistance: supporting large families in Moscow
On 16 November, the State Kremlin Palace hosted the Planet in Mother’s Hands event, timed to coincide with Mother’s Day. In all, 5,700 people, members of families with many children, were invited. Four families living in Moscow received state awards; two of them received the Order of Parental Glory, and two more received medals of the Order of Parental Glory.
Three or more
3Currently, there are 117,000 large families in Moscow
raising 290,600 children. In all, 85 mothers are bringing up 10 children or more. Two local families have 16 children each, and three more families are raising 15 children each. It’s worth noting that there were only 65,700 families with many children here six years ago.
Under the law, any family raising three or more children under 16, as well as the same number of school students under 18, is considered a large family. This includes adopted children, stepsons and stepdaughters.
Large families with children under three are eligible for 675-rouble monthly compensations. They also receive monthly compensations for every child under 16 and school students under 18. Families with three or four such children receive 600 roubles, and those with five children or more receive 750 roubles per child. Each school student receives a 5,000-rouble clothing allowance from the city budget.
Parents raising three or four children receive 522 roubles monthly for paying their utility bills. Those raising five children and more get 1,044 roubles. They also receive 230 roubles for paying their telephone bills. Each family with five underage children or more receives a 900-rouble allowance to purchase clothing and toys.
The city envisions special social support measures for families with 10 children or more. These families receive the following extra sums:
750 roubles for every child under 16 (750 roubles for full-time students under 23);
10,000 roubles in the run-up to the International Day of Families and 15,000 roubles in the run-up to Knowledge Day.
In turn, mothers who have given birth to 10 or more children receive 10,000 roubles monthly.
To receive assistance in kind, parents should present ID cards verifying their large-family status. These cards are available at any My Documents integrated government services centre.
Poor families and those with many children also receive targeted social assistance. They can exchange social certificates for foodstuffs or receive them in kind.
In October 2016, these families received over 44,970 certificates worth over 44,970,000 roubles (one certificate is worth 1,000 roubles). This year, various social agencies will receive 5,000 food parcels. Poor families with many children will receive 40,000 gift parcels
On 1 March, the city launched a new social experiment, issuing troubled families online certificates for children’s goods. By October 2016, local stores accepted 19,650 certificates worth 39.3 million roubles (one certificate is worth 2,000 points or 2,000 roubles). This year, local families will receive 37,171 certificates worth 74,342,000 roubles. All families involved in the experiment can choose whether to receive online certificates or targeted assistance in kind.
This year, the city purchased 25,100 pieces of clothing and footwear for children from poor families.
Troubled families receive assistance from the city budget and other sources. The work of 43 additional goods collection, issue and exchange centres is financed from extra-budgetary sources. This year, 50,600 various items, including children’s clothing and footwear, toys, books, bicycles, cribs, prams, sporting goods, stationery, textbooks and notebooks, were collected during various charity projects. Of this number, 32,400 items were handed over to needy families.
The city continues to expand its Families Help Families programme, based on mutual assistance. Any family capable of providing any kind of support or service can join the programme. Project members exchange experience, hold joint seminars, take a walk together, set up hobby groups and throw parties.
The city implements various charity projects, such as Let’s Help Graduates Get Ready for Prom, Families Help Families: Preparing for School and Tree of Wishes.
The regional public organisation Moscow Association of Large Families was established to support local families with many children. In the past two years, its members have managed to bring together families with many children in every administrative area and to start cooperating with city authorities. This organisation now unites over 16,000 large families across the city.
Supporting young and poor families
In addition to federal benefits, young local families in which both spouses are under 30 receive 14,500 roubles monthly. Parents who welcome a third child to their family also receive additional lump-sum payments totalling 10 current subsistence minimums or 15,382 roubles. And those with triplets or higher-order multiples receive 50,000 roubles per family.
Poor families with an income of up to 15,382 roubles can expect to receive monthly payments for every minor. Single mothers receive 2,500 roubles for every child under 1.5 and aged between three and 18 years, as well as 4,500 roubles for every child aged between 1.5 and three years.
The children of service personnel, as well as the children of alimony-dodgers, also receive benefits. The parents of children under 1.5 and aged between three and 18 years receive 1,900 roubles, and those of children aged between 1.5 and three years receive 3,300 roubles.
Ordinary families are also eligible for payments:
1,500 roubles for children aged under 1.5 ye ars and between three and 18;
2,500 roubles for children aged between 1.5 and three years.
Student families in which both parents or a single mother study (full time) receive higher monthly compensations of 1,875 roubles for children under three years. These sums compensate for food price hikes.
Assisting single mothers
Apart from various cash payments, single mothers receive various goods, as well as monthly allowances for every child under 16 years, and for every school student under 18 years. The size of these allowances depends on a family’s per-capita income:
Incomes of up to 15,141 roubles: 750 roubles;
Incomes of over 15,141 roubles: 300 roubles.
All single mothers also receive 675 roubles monthly until their children turn three years old.
Supporting special needs families
Families with special needs children or disabled children are given special attention. Apart from federal benefits, these families are eligible for various city-level benefits and goods.
The parents of special needs children receive 675-rouble food allowances per month, as well as 6,000-rouble monthly compensations. Unemployed parents, as well as employed single mothers and single fathers, widows and widowers, divorced parents, any single parent of a large family, and guardians or foster parents of disabled children, as well as foster caregivers, also have the right to receive these compensations.
Children with disabilities who have lost their breadwinner can receive monthly compensations totalling 1,450 roubles.