Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin has assessed the improvement of a section of the Garden Ring between Arbat and Dolgorukovskaya Street under the My Street programme.
“The main work of the 2016 street improvement projects is now complete. In particular, adjacent courtyards have been improved along the Garden Ring. The façades of buildings have been renovated, communications and power networks have been placed underground and high-quality wide pavements and side streets have been built. The upgraded Garden Ring sections look completely different,” Mr Sobyanin noted.
According to him, the main work consisted of planting trees and shrubs. “This autumn, we will plant about 600 trees and 17,000 shrubs. Next year, there are plans to completely renovate Boulevard Ring façades and most remaining Garden Ring sections. We still have a lot of work to do. To my mind, these projects and their current results are worth it,” Mr Sobyanin said.
Motorways and promenades
Under the 2016 My Street programme, the city renovated the first 3.6-kilometre Garden Ring section between Arbat and Dolgorukovskaya Street. From June through mid-September, workers renovated a 25.8-hectare area. In all, 86 percent of people voted for the street improvement project on the Active Citizen website.
The project mostly aims to create a high-quality public area where pedestrians can comfortably walk, relax, meet and mingle. Therefore it was decided to standardise the carriageway width and the number of vehicle lanes (five in each direction).
On the one hand, this made it possible to preserve the Garden Ring’s function as the main motorway in central Moscow, to normalise vehicle traffic and to eliminate bottlenecks that obstructed traffic in narrower sections. On the other hand, extra space was used to widen pavements and to create additional recreation zones.
The restoration of tree and shrub alleys along the entire Garden Ring is a key element of the local renovation project.
The following projects have been implemented between Arbat and Dolgorukovskaya Street:
- Five-metre wide pavements on Smolenskaya Square have been widened to 10.7–11.4 metres by narrowing the carriageway to 38.3 metres. Vehicle parking has been eliminated on the pavements.
- 7-8.7-metre wide pavements on Novinsky Boulevard have been widened to 19.9–22.5 metres by narrowing the carriageway to 34.8 metres. Vehicle parking has been eliminated on the pavements and replaced with side streets and lay-bys.
- 8-8.8-metre wide pavements on Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street have been widened to 13.5 metres by narrowing the carriageway to 28.3 metres. Vehicle parking has been eliminated on the pavements and trees will be planted here.
- Nine-metre wide pavements on Sadovaya-Triumfalnaya Street have been widened to 10.1–12.4 metres by narrowing the carriageway to 40.3 metres.
The average width of Garden Ring pavements is now 12.5 metres. They are covered with large multi-type granite tiles whose total area is 93,300 square metres in pedestrian, buffer zones and turnouts. These new tiles will last several decades, or much longer than asphalt, whose service life is less than seven years. Granite curbstones will also last many decades.
The capacity of upgraded pavements has increased from 3,500 to 12,000 people per hour, and the carriageway’s capacity remains the same.
In all, 189 energy-efficient lamps have replaced conventional lamps along the carriageway. And 132 additional lamps emitting diffused light have been installed in pedestrian zones for a safe and cozy atmosphere.
Cable networks obscuring the cityscape have been placed inside 94-kilometre long underground cable tunnels. The city has also retained trolleybus contact wires.
Authorities have mostly upgraded the most popular pedestrian zones, including squares near the Smolenskaya station of the Moscow Metro’s Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line and areas near 15 Novinsky Boulevard and 14/16 Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street. Convenient public spaces with flowerbeds, street furniture and high-quality lamps have been created.
The façades of 80 buildings overlooking the Garden Ring and 27 nearby courtyards have been renovated. In all, 53,500 square metres of asphalt-concrete coating have been replaced there, as well as 7,700 running metres of curbstones, 1,300 square metres of rubber coating at playgrounds and 27,300 square metres of lawns. Moreover, local courtyards will receive 114 small architectural forms and pieces of street furniture. All these improvement projects were drafted by popular demand.
In all, 602 trees, including birch, maple, rowan, apple, katsura, elm and shadbush, as well as 18,000 shrubs, will be planted between Arbat and Dolgorukovskaya Street. They will divide pedestrian zones and the carriageway, shield pedestrians from dust and noise and improve safety and comfort.
The 2016 My Street programme
In 2011–2015, the city renovated 142 streets and roads measuring over 193 kilometres long, and continued to create modern pedestrian zones, a Moscow Government priority since early 2016.
This spring, the city launched a new stage of the My Street programme covering 61 local streets with a total length of 45.2 kilometres and seven Moscow Ring Road interchanges with radial routes. The main work has been completed on all of them.
The following main renovation and improvement objectives are stipulated:
- Make city streets recognisable;
- Make them more accessible, including for people with disabilities;
- Make streets safer for pedestrians and cyclists;
- Create ample opportunities for meeting and recreation;
- Overcome the disparity between pedestrian, bicycle and vehicle traffic;
- Streamline parking.
Under street improvement projects, the city is widening pavements, installing additional lamps, planting new trees and shrubs, installing benches and other small architectural forms and street furniture, setting up rest and recreation areas, upgrading vehicle parking and advertisements, installing cable networks, placing overhanging wires underground, washing and renovating the façades of buildings and renovating nearby courtyards.
The following plans were stipulated for 2016:
- Widen pavements in central Moscow by an average of three metres on streets that are being renovated;
- Resurface 369,000 square metres of pavements and 647,000 square metres of asphalt-concrete carriageways;
- Install 2,220 lamp posts and 1,962 small architectural forms, including benches and waste bins;
- Plant 2,875 trees and 55,000 shrubs;
- Renovate the façades of 450 buildings;
- Install 477.6 kilometres of cable network tunnels.