Almost 400 sq.m. of the new Moscow miniature model will be ready by the end of the year. Work on 337 sq.m. has been completed, which displays the entire eastern side of the city. At present, the model includes the area between Andropov Prospekt and Volgogradsky Prospekt, part of Leninsky Prospekt and Pyatnitskaya Street.
“When work on the new architectural model is completed it promises to become one of the largest in the world. Its area will be about 925 sq.m. and it will include the area inside the Third Ring Road, all railway terminals and the Vorobyovy Gory area, including the tallest Stalin’s high-rise – the Moscow University building – as well as the rapidly growing former ZiL industrial zone,” head of the Department of Urban Development Sergei Lyovkin said.
Work on the new city miniature model began in the fall of 2012. Part of it can be seen at VDNKh, where the exhibition takes up an area of 121 sq. m. It contains almost 9,000 miniature buildings, city streets and squares.
The work is being done at a scale of 1: 400. The miniature provides a bird’s eye view of Old and New Arbat, the Garden Ring from Zubovskaya Square to Triumphalnaya Square, the Aquarium Garden and the Patriarch Ponds, the Planetarium, the Foreign Ministry high-rise building, the spit of Bolotny Island with the statue of Peter the Great in the south and the Tretyakov Art Gallery. The Kursky railway terminal, Gogol Drama Theatre, Bauman Garden and Ascension Church, designed by architect Kazakov, have also been added to the miniature.
“The distinguishing feature of the new miniature is an amazingly detailed elaboration of tens of thousands of buildings and reproduction of the city terrain. Mosaic inlays and bas-reliefs have been reproduced on the facades of miniature historical buildings,” director of Mosstroyinform Farit Fazylzyanov said. “Our experts make buildings by hand with pinpoint accuracy and reproduce all distinctive architectural features with due attention to the colour and surface finish of the structures.”
Most of the layout elements have sources of light united in an integrated highlighting system. All of the model buildings are correlated with their actual global coordinates in the MapInfo geographic information system, so various public lighting scenarios can be imitated. The city miniature can be synched up to a certain time of day or it is possible to highlight similar objects, such as educational establishments, sports facilities and others.
Miniature architectural highlighting helps achieve even greater expressiveness. This highlighting is used in decorating metro exits, churches, bridges and such iconic buildings as the Kremlin. Built-in loud-speakers provide an opportunity to hear the famous chimes of the clock on the Kremlin Savior Tower and the bells of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior.