The Safe City programme has helped to significantly reduce the number of the most dangerous crimes. The number of homicides and attempted homicides has fallen by 21 percent (from 447 to 353). The number of robberies has declined by 32 percent, armed robberies by 32 percent, burglaries by 30 percent and car thefts by 32 percent.
“That’s right: In addition to the provision of public amenities and the creation of a comfortable territory, it is also necessary to ensure the safety of this territory,” Sergei Sobyanin said at a city government meeting.
Safe City aims to ensure the comprehensive safety of people and installations in the city. This includes crime control, migration regulation, reducing the number of migration violations, reducing the risks of emergency situations, improving the protection of Moscow residents and territories against natural and man-made hazards, and ensuring fire safety and the safety of people on the water.
Under the programme, the city government provides assistance in strengthening the material resources of law enforcement agencies and introduces new (mainly IT) security systems.
Construction and maintenance
In 2012–2015, the city government built seven and performed major repairs on 139 various facilities, including:
- Interior Ministry Chief Administration for Moscow: three and 110 buildings, respectively;
- Emergency Situations Ministry Chief Administration for Moscow: four and 12 buildings, respectively.
Major repairs of district internal affairs department buildings are the most wide-ranging project.
Integrated safety system in the metro
By late 2015, integrated safety systems were installed at all city metro stations. In particular, 3,300 units of equipment were installed there.
“First of all, these are fixed frame metal detectors, radiation control equipment, portable explosive trace detectors and IED jammers. Work is nearing completion on an intellectual video surveillance system at metro installations and transport monitoring facilities,” Department of Regional Security head Alexei Mayorov said.
City video surveillance system
At present, there are 128,598 video surveillance cameras in Moscow, including in the entryways of blocks of flats, courtyards, schools, public places, roads and shopping centres.
The emergency and rapid response services of the Interior Ministry Chief Administration for Moscow are connected to the Integrated Data Storage and Processing Centre (IDSPC). As a result, video surveillance cameras are used to register and investigate 70 percent of offences and crimes committed in Moscow.
“Last year, the number of instances of police officers using online video surveillance camera feeds increased by 40 percent, while the number of information retrievals from video surveillance archives was up 70 percent. As a result, almost 70 percent of all offences and crimes in the city are disclosed with the help of video surveillance systems. Compared to last year, the number of crimes solved with the help of surveillance cameras increased by 15 percent,” he said.
In 2015, 9,000 video surveillance cameras, paid for from extrabudgetary sources, were integrated with the IDSPC, which, according to the department head, makes it possible to take care of city spots that require the heightened attention of law enforcement agencies.
Crime situation monitoring system
In 2014, a crime situation monitoring information and analysis system appeared in Moscow. This is an interactive map of the city showing the worst breeding places of criminal activity.
The system was used for in-depth monitoring of the crime situation in 89 districts of Moscow (including follow-up monitoring in 20 districts), as a result of which:
- changes were made in the distribution of police posts and patrol routes;
- over 2,000 shops were equipped with video surveillance systems with an information storage capacity up to 14 days;
- recommendations were developed for shopping centres to reduce crime;
- all unauthorised retail outlets were placed under control;
- 73,990 instances of illegal renting of flats were identified;
- over 3,900 lampposts are due to be installed in 2016;
- constant monitoring over places of high concentrations of foreign citizens was organised.
This approach has produced a positive result. In areas under surveillance, crime reduction indicators are higher than elsewhere in the city.
Road traffic safety
Compared to 2010, in 2015, the total number of traffic accidents fell by 26 percent (from 609,000 to 452,000); the number of traffic accidents involving injuries was down 12 percent (from 11,800 to 10,400). The number of traffic accidents involving public transport fell 25 percent (from 524 to 391); the number of casualties in traffic accidents was down 12 percent (from 763 to 673); the number of injuries in traffic accidents was down 12.4 percent (from 13,592 to 11,903).
At the start of this year, the trend towards a reduction in the number of traffic accidents and accidents involving casualties continued. Between January and February, the number of people killed in traffic accidents declined 17.4 percent (from 92 to 76).
The number of casualties and injuries as a result of traffic accidents is reducing amid the ongoing increase in the car fleet (by over 1 million cars in Moscow and Moscow Region) and the increase in the average traffic speed in Moscow by 12 percent (from 45 to 50 kph).
To improve the traffic situation and enhance traffic safety, in the past five years the city government has been implementing an array of measures, including:
- the development and introduction of an integrated road traffic organisation system;
— the creation of an intellectual transport system;
— the transfer of traffic lights to an automatic control mode and reducing manual control;
— the introduction of designated public transport lanes, enhancing safety and improving the operation of the city and suburban commuter transit system;
— the creation of a civilised parking space and improvement of traffic violation administration;
— cargo transport traffic regulation on the Moscow Ring Road;
— improving the emergency medical service;
— building new and modernising and repairing existing roads and interchanges.
Emergency situations prevention and response
In 2012-2015, the number of fires fell by 20 percent, from 7,568 to 6,034. The number of fire related deaths declined by 31 percent, from 216 to 149, and the number of people drowned was down 4.5 percent, from 67 to 64.
The main factors in the falling number of emergency situations are prevention (including in residential areas) and better performance by emergency response services.
In January 2015, a new multi-functional labour migration centre opened in the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas (near the village of Sakharovo). Since then, it has conducted 130,000 medical checks and 440,000 Russian language, history and law tests. A total of 230,000 voluntary health insurance policies were sold to labour migrants. Foreign citizens received over 455,000 work permits.
In 2015, 109,800 foreign nationals were banned from entering Russia (in 2014, 139,100; in 2013, 80,600; in 2012, 15,600) for violating Russian laws and city regulations. A total of 49,300 foreign citizens were deported from the country (in 2014, 45,400).
The number of crimes committed by foreign nationals and stateless persons fell by 15 percent compared to 2013. Moscow budget revenues from the sale of patents for wok in 2015 amounted to 11 billion roubles.