On 1 July 2012, the city of Moscow was expanded to more than four times its previous size. Four years later, Vladimir Zhidkin, Head of the Department for the Development of New Territories, told mos.ru that 700 kilometres of new roads had been built, and that existing roads had been widened to launch new bus routes. He discussed specific deadlines for building 135 kilometres of tram lines and new metro stations in both administrative areas and how to balance the development of the new city area.
Question: Mr Zhidkin, what has changed in the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas over the past four years?
Vladimir Zhidkin: The administration of New Moscow, which is larger than the traditional city (in its historic boundaries), relies on urban development documents because it’s impossible to develop an area this large without comprehensive plans. We consider the approval of the two development plans for these administrative areas to be our main achievements.
We are currently working on a regional engineering plan for the gas, power, water and heating systems. The concepts for these important systems have already been resolved. We know how we will route electricity and how to provide heating and water until 2035, and how we will build the centralised water supply systems.
We have drafted a transport system expansion plan with about 700 kilometres of new main roads, not to mention district-level roads.
The entire area has been divided into districts or divisions with an area of 1,000-2,000 hectares each, and design plans are being drafted for each division. Almost 50% percent of these plans are already complete. All of these divisions have been evaluated in great detail to efficiently develop them through 2035.
If we hadn’t done this, the investors would have had to independently assess the development of their own areas and we would be seeing disconnected divisions now.
Territorial job placement system guarantees the areas’ long-term economic development
Question: Did you cooperate with the investors when designing the division plans? What problems did you and they face and how did you resolve them?
Vladimir Zhidkin: Almost all the vacant land plots there are privately owned. We assessed the plans with members of a working group during meetings at Moscow’s Committee for Architecture and Urban Development and the Research Institute for the General Plan of Moscow, with due consideration for the needs and proposals of investors.
We used the main city strategy for developing the new territories, and we adopted decisions in the city’s interests when some investor proposals didn’t coordinate with the strategy.
We want to create a million jobs in New Moscow. Jobs are an important part of every project. Our task is to build a city within a city. We need to balance everything, including comfortable housing, jobs, and an improved infrastructure. And the territorial job placement system virtually guarantees the region’s long-term economic development.
Question: How did you draft the general plan for the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas? What projects did you reject?
Vladimir Zhidkin: We received about 30,000 remarks and proposals from local residents, developers and investors. Most of them dealt with roads. In some cases, we had to bypass non-profit vegetable-growing cooperatives and communities, so as to reduce the noise levels. We didn’t reject any project, but we always found a positive solution.
Sound walls installed near busy roads
Question: What roads are the most problematic at this point?
Vladimir Zhidkin: The worst are near Troitsk and in the Ryazanovskoye, Krasnaya Pakhra and Vnukovo rural districts. We need to build almost 700 kilometres of roads in New Moscow. About 50% of these roads are located near non-profit vegetable-growing coops, villages and small towns. These residents were worried and asked us to bypass their communities or install sound walls. We accepted virtually all of their requests, and built bypass roads in most cases.
Question: And what about the sound walls?
Vladimir Zhidkin: We install sound walls near all the new roads.
Question: How do you plan to make the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas more accessible?
Vladimir Zhidkin: We are continuing to build roads. We have already opened three new routes, including the Salaryevo-Mamyri road linking Kievskoye and Kaluzhskoye motorways, the Rasskazovka-Moskovsky road between the Borovskoye and Kievskoye motorways and a road connecting Kommunarka and the Yuzhnoye Butovo District. You can now reach Yuzhnoye Butovo in 10 to 15 minutes, with buses running in in eight minute intervals. The same can be said about a road between Kievskoye Motorway and Rasskazovka. More bus routes will be established each year.