Safer, faster, quieter: Moscow trams become more comfortable for passengers
In 2022, the capital's tram fleet got 43 three-section low-floor Vityaz-Moscow vehicles, tram stops will also get over 50 comfortable elevated platforms this year. For safety and higher speed, more and more tramways are being fenced off from roads. To learn how the city tram infrastructure is improved, visit mos.ru.
What are the advantages of elevated platforms at stops?
The construction of new elevated platforms for tram stops on Volokolamsk Highway is over. The tram line from Alabyan Street to the Moscow Canal has gotten 12 platforms. Now, six stops have them: Russian Railways Hospital, Pokrovsky-Glebov, Panfilovsky Viaduct, Panfilov Street, Moscow State University of Food Production, and Gidroproekt. Passengers can use the renewed platforms on six routes: No. 6, 15, 23, 28, 30, and 31.
The stop floor is the same as the tram car floor thanks to such platforms. Just one step—and you are in or out of the tram car. Tram rides will be more convenient for everyone, but older residents, parents with strollers, and disabled persons will be the ones to enjoy the novelty the most.
"Elevated platforms make getting on and off the tram more comfortable and quicker, that is why we include them in street improvement programs. We are planning to make at least 50 convenient platforms by the end of the year. Their total number in the tram network will reach 350. Step by step, the Moscow tram infrastructure is becoming more convenient for every passenger—this is the task set by Sergei Sobyanin," said Maxim Liksutov, Deputy Moscow Mayor for Transport.
This year, six more streets have gotten the new type. In the downtown, 25 elevated platforms were equipped on Novokuznetskaya, Kozhevnicheskaya, Dubininskaya, and Danilovsky Val streets. Trams A, No. 3, 38, 39, and 47 stop there. To improve passenger safety at tram stops, sidewalks were widened on Dubininskaya, Novokuznetskaya, and Danilovsky Val streets. Now cars cannot overtake trams after they have stopped. On Novokuznetskaya Street, three Vienna-style stops were equipped. The road there was elevated up to the sidewalk so that the platform was at the same level as the tram car floor.
On the 3rd Samotechny Pereulok, five platforms were built along the tram line. Trams No. 7 and 50 pass there. On Entuziastov Highway, two stops (Slava Cinema and 2nd Vladimirskaya Street) now have comfortable elevated platforms where you can take trams No. 36, 37, and 43.
What ensures safety and enables fast traffic?
Tram traffic will become more stable and safe. In some areas between the rails and the road, we are planning to place a curb that will hinder cars from driving on the railways. Besides, it will increase the traffic speed. This year, we are planning to fence off 68 kilometers of tramways from the road.
The railway and road have already been divided on Rostokinsky Proyezd in the Eastern Administrative District. Soon, works will start on Svobody Street in the North Western Administrative District. Besides, the curb will frame the edge of the tram line on Lesnaya, Abelmanovskaya, Krasnokazarmennaya streets, Serpukhov Val and so on. A barrier will be laid at 36 places throughout the city significantly reducing accidents on tramways.
"A physical shield for tramways is used globally; it helps make transport more efficient, safer, and more reliable. The better tramways are shielded, the faster, more comfortable and stable are trips on urban transport," notes Maxim Liksutov.
Recently, the main works on shielding tramways along the first section on Kostyakova Street in the Timiryazevsky District have been completed. Routes No. 27 and 29 pass here. Now, rails are separated from the road by a curb. At the intersection of Kostyakova and Academician Lisitsyn streets, an elevated channeling island was added. It helps drivers notice the beginning of a separate section of tramways.
The program of major overhaul and improvement of tramways continues in Moscow. Now, the main works are in the Ostankinsky, Tushino, Strogino, and Perovo districts. Builders change switches, lay new rails and sleepers, weld the joints of the ways. Cars go quieter on seamless rails, passengers inside and residents of houses nearby do not hear wheels.
Since the beginning of the year, over 2,700 joints have been welded on tramways. The noise on the repaired sections has decreased by 20%. In addition, 16 kilometers of tramways were renewed, almost 14,000 sleepers were laid, and 35 switches and crossings were replaced.
How many Vityazes does the city have?
This year, the tram fleet got 43 three-section low-floor cars Vityaz-Moscow. Thus, 95% of Moscow trams have been replaced with new ones, on average they are about four years old.
Vityazes delivered by the manufacturer this year were transferred to the Krasnopresnenskoe tram depot. They are used on routes No. 6, 10, 15, 21, 27, 28, 30, and 31 in the north and northwest of the city. Over the last two years, 74 Vityaz-Moscow three-section trams and 40 fully low-floor single-section trams have been transferred to the depot. Now, the entire rolling stock at the Krasnopresnensky depot has been renewed. Besides, the Bauman, Rusakov, and Oktyabrsky depots have no more old trams.
The new Vityazes are nice and comfortable inside. The cars are equipped with a climate control system, there are charging ports for mobile devices and multimedia screens. Cars have places for wheelchairs and strollers. Brand-new ones are equipped with bike holders and the doors have special lighting warning about closing doors.
Three-section trams are on the second place in terms of transportation capacity after the metro. Up to 260 people can travel here at the same time. New models of trams are capable of carrying three times as many passengers as a regular bus or electric bus.
Since 2017, Moscow has received over 500 Russian-made trams (464 Vityaz three-section trams and 40 single-section ones). By the end of 2023, we are planning to substitute all Moscow trams with modern and fully low-floor models.